Q. David Bowers: The following narrative, with minor editing, is from my "Silver Dollars & Trade Dollars of the United States: A Complete Encyclopedia" (Wolfeboro, NH: Bowers and Merena Galleries, Inc., 1993). Note: the Notable Specimens list should be used with caution - it has been updated in my 2013 edition of "The Encyclopedia of United States Silver Dollars 1794-1804."
OBVERSE 7: Wide date, 00 very wide apart, and the 8 too low. The 8th 'Star is close to Y, last star not quite so near bust. Star 7 is distant from L, Star 1 still farther from hair. Die clash marks in field near stars 12 and 13, probably the cause of the relapping (a rather unusual occurrence among 1800-dated dollars) that made the highest curl on the head incomplete.
Obverse die used to strike 1800 BB-190 (earlier use) and BB-191 (later use).
REVERSE F: From same die as BB-189, but now with light die crack from leaf through C to border.
Reverse die used to strike 1800 BB-189 (earlier use) and BB-190 (later use).
Die State I: Perfect obverse die, without relapping. Reverse with hairline crack connecting tops of ED in UNITED, as inherited from earlier .use coining 1800 BB-189. May not exist without relapping.
Die State II: Obverse die lapped. No die cracks. Reverse as preceding. Scarce.
Die State III: Obverse as preceding. Reverse with crack expanded at tops of NIT ED to border. Additional crack from border to left side of C in AMERICA to leaf. (Transitional die states exist between II and III.) Common.
Die State IV: Bolender-10a. As preceding, but now the die crack on reverse is more pronounced through C, and an additional crack extends from right ribbon end through ER. Commonest of all. 1975 ANA Convention Sale (Superior): 985, VF-30, was called Condition Census. Davis-Graves: 1315 (Stack's, 1954) is AU. Amon Carter, Jr.: 227 (Stack's, 1984) is Unc.
Die State V: As preceding, but with additional crack from border to U of UNITED Apparently, common, although not known to Bolender. Cf. 1975 ANA Convention Sale which had four coins, VF-30, VF-20 (ex Ruby Collection), another VF-20, and F-15.
Die State VI: As preceding, but with crack through U extending upward through arrows. Two new cracks, approximately parallel, through C of AMERICA to branch, the leftmost crack extending to border. Crack from wing to star above and to the right of M in UNUM.
Die State VI: As preceding, but with two approximately parallel cracks through ME of AMERICA. Crack from border to U to arrows now extends up to wing. Scarce.
COLLECTING NOTES: Among dollars of this date, 1800 BB-190 is one of the most plentiful issues. As many as 600 to 1,100 are believed to exist. Once again, although the issue is readily available, most known specimens are in circulated grades. BB-190 is elusive AU, and in Mint State is rare.
Bebee's. MS-60. Numismatist advertisement, 1953. "Brilliant Unc."
Baldenhofer Specimen. MS-60. W. G. Baldenhofer to Stack's, Farish-Baldenhofer Sale, 1955. AJ. Ostheimer, 3rd Collection• Superior Galleries, ANA Convention Sale, 1975:982. "Reverse, light die break from leaf through C of AMERICA to border. MS-60, fully lustrous, but well tarnished. Microscopic obverse handling marks, reverse reflective."
Carter Specimen. MS-Stack's, Amon Carter, Jr. Collection, 1984:227, Bolender-l0a. "Brilliant Unc. Frosty and satiny, with considerable prooflike surface, mostly on the reverse. A simply splendid coin from any point of view. Pale golden russet and iridescent."
Davis Specimen. AU-55. Stack's, Davis-Graves Games Davis) Collection, 1954:1315. "Bolender-10a. R-3. Later state of die. Wide serrated borders, showing a minor bruise below first star; slight rubbing on high spots. Beautiful prooflike surface, nicely toned and struck. Just about Unc."
Clarke Specimen. AU-55. Col. E.H.R. Green Collection, New Netherlands 48th Sale, T. James Clarke Collection, 1956:641. "Die flaw in field left of second T in STATES. Very close to, but not quite Unc. Comparatively well struck, although soft at the centers. Obverse rim defect at the eighth star, one minute reverse rim nick, a light scratch or so from eagle's wing to a point between I and T of UNITED. With considerable mint frost; iridescent blue and pink toning. Undescribed reverse die crack from border through top of ITED."
Four Landmark Collections Specimen. AU-55. Bowers and Merena, Four Landmark Collections, 1989:1973. "AU-55. Just a trace of faint iridescent golden brown toning around the rims. The surfaces are clear and lustrous, with a pleasing cartwheel effect visible on both sides. The centers are softly struck, as if often seen on this variety. There is a small, hidden nick on the eagle's head."
DeCoppet Specimen. AU-50. James Kelly, Andre DeCoppet Collection, 1955. "Practically Unc."
Amon Carter Collection - Stack's 1/1984:227 - Phillip Flannagan Collection - Bowers & Merena 11/2001:4269, $78,200 - Swan Family Type Collection - American Numismatic Rarities 6/2005:46, $115,000 - Cardinal Collection
"Col." E.H.R. Green Collection - James MacCallister - T. James Clarke Collection - New Netherlands 11/1956:641 - Stack's 12/1998:1411 - Eugene H. Gardner Collection - Heritage 10/2014:98586, $47,000
Dr. Hesselgesser Collection - Goldbergs 9/5/2011:5111, $18,975 - Warren Miller Collection
Dr. Hesselgesser Collection - Goldbergs 9/2011:5112, $21,850 - Freedom Collection - Stack's/Bowers 8/2013:4339, $17,625 - Dale Friend Collection