-Type II proofs: Date a little above center and to right, top of 1 below GO, tip of 5 below T (about in line with upright). Rev. Few minute hollow places between feathers. ANS; Garrett set; many others. Other dies possible.

This type appears to have constituted the 200 struck in March, 50 each in July and August, 100 in September, and probably part of the 300 delivered in January, therefore at least 400 and probably well over 500 of the 700 total for the year.

Silver-minor sets. Generally supposed to have numbered 700, but the data on quarter and half dollar throw doubt on this. Possibly the correct figure should be something like 600 sets, only the last 200 (of July through September) containing the 20¢ piece. I have seen quite a few but all contained the 20¢ (added later?) and some were probably assembled.

Gold Dollar. [20] Struck Feb. 13 with the sets. *B-1. No spine down from chin; polish at ERT and forward feather, similar to 1871. Rev. Heavy doubling on DOLLAR and wreath; corner of 5 slightly left of left tip of A. (Contrast B-2 below.) Extremely rare,extremely popular. Probably 14 or 15 survivors, at least four of them nicked, scratched, or poorly cleaned. There are also some deceptive pieces made by gilding copper or aluminum proofs from these same dies. Genuine gold pieces weigh 25.8 grains (1.672 grams); base metal strikings are much lighter. If you are offered one by a person who will not allow the coin to be removed from its plastic holder and weighed, refuse it for that reason! There are also a few deceptive early business strikes from B-2 dies [400]: spine down from chin; corner of 5 in line with left tip of A.

Survivors are almost impossible to enumerate accurately, partly because of the wretched quality of coin photography in earlier catalogues, the reluctance of many dealers and collectors to preserve pedigree information, and the presence of deceptive first strikes. We can be sure at least of these: (1) Mint, SI. (2) Mint, Brock, Morgan, ANS. (3) Ely, Garrett: 457, $14,000. (4) Belden Roach, Amon Carter Sr. & Jr. (5) Jay:250, tiny planchet defect. (6) Walton: 2745, cleaned, weak at C. (7) Boyd, WGC, "Memorable": 32. (8) KS 4/59:2586, obviously cleaned, to J. Rowe. (9) KS 2/60:2541, cleaned, to J. Rowe. (10) NN 51:803, impaired. (11) 1957 Central States convention, impaired, different from last. The couple of dozen other auction records of coins ranging from cleaned proof to superb proof appear to testify to the usual Musical Chairs game among possibly 5 or 6 specimens in all, some mentioned above. The estimate of 14 or 15 is unlikely to be bettered.

1875 Quarter Eagle

Quarter Eagle. [20] *B-1. Date well to right, tip of 5 extremely close to r. corner of truncation; left base of 1 left of center of dentil. As deceptive early impressions from the B-2 dies (business strikes) have sometimes been sold as proofs (usually as hairlined or impaired proofs), note the identifying details: B-2 has date to left, 5 well away from truncation, left base of 1 r. of center. The majority of survivors are worn or impaired. Same comments as to gold dollars; the genuine weigh 64.5 grains = 4.18 grams, base metal gilt pieces much less.

Survivors again are all but impossible to cover by census, for the same reasons mentioned under gold dollars. We can be sure at least of these: (1) SI. (2) ANS. (3) Clapp, Eliasberg. (4) WGC, "Memorable": 131, possibly to Farouk. (5) Atwater:

Quarter Eagle. [20] *B-1. Date well to right, tip of 5 extremely close to r. corner of truncation; left base of 1 left of center of dentil. As deceptive early impressions from the B-2 dies (business strikes) have sometimes been sold as proofs (usually as hairlined or impaired proofs), note the identifying details: B-2 has date to left, 5 well away from truncation, left base of 1 r. of center. The majority of survivors are worn or impaired. Same comments as to gold dollars; the genuine weigh 64.5 grains = 4.18 grams, base metal gilt pieces much less.

Survivors again are all but impossible to cover by census, for the same reasons mentioned under gold dollars. We can be sure at least of these: (1) SI. (2) ANS. (3) Clapp, Eliasberg. (4) WGC, "Memorable": 131, possibly to Farouk. (5) Atwater: 1979, Grant Pierce: 1201. (6) Bell I, Gaskill, NN 48:327, R.P., choice but rev. tone spot, believed LM 10/69:416. (7) Melish: 1283, cleaned, to Kagin, possibly later KS 4/59:2615, J. Rowe. (8) Ely, Garrett: 456, $21,000. The thirty-odd other auction records cover possibly 3 or 4 other proofs and a larger number of impaired pieces, some of which will probably turn out to be B-2's. The estimate of 14 to 15 known is unlikely to be bettered.

1875 Three Dollars.

*Three Dollars. [20 originals] One of the half dozen most famous rarities in American coinage. The 20 originals were delivered as of Feb. 13, 1875; but Wayte Raymond and I were able between us one day in 1951 to tabulate well over that number, and he told me that he had been able to trace exactly 31 different examples. It is not at present possible to break this number down into originals and restrikes. Beware gilt base metal specimens; standard weight for gold = 77.4 grains = 5.015 grams.

Originals have obv. die of 1873-4, with the die scratch from upper left serif of F only microscopically visible; lower half of first S filled. Rev. Low date, leaves left and right of it perfectly formed. Heavy point on bottom of upper serif of S in DOLLARS, microscopic lump on curve of S just below the point; usual extra outline within 3; plain die scratch running close to dentils at upper r. above two maple leaves; left bow mostly filled, r. bow clear; no flatness on lower wreath. Possibly 10 originals? (1) Mint, SI. (2) Mint, Brock, Morgan, ANS. (3) Byron Reed estate, Omaha City Library. (4) Ely, Garrett: 455, $91,000. (5) Melish: 1399, to Kagin. (6) Charles L. MacKenzie: 1030, KS 5/66:1686 set, KS 1/67:720, QS 11/72:1141, Carl S. Carlson, QS 11/76:45, rim nicks, field scratches. (7) Grant Pierce:1262, Jay:287, Ullmer:421, $150,000. (8) Dr. Clifford Smith: 1638; Baldenhofer: 1179; others. Copper and aluminum strikings are originals; some are gilt. Judd 1436, 1437; AW 1412-13. Boyd - Adolph Friedman; Bell II :285, Hydeman:973.