AU-50 Howard R. Newcomb - J. c. Morgenthau & Co. #458, 2/1945:80$100· T. James Clarke - Dr. William H. Sheldon, 4/19/1972 - R. E. Naftzger, Jr. - New Netherlands Coin Co. 11/1973: 398 $1,000 - First Coinvestors - Pine Tree Auction Co. 2/1975: 659 $1,200 - Charles E. Harrison. Obverse illustrated in Penny Whimsy.

AU-50 Matthew Adams Stickney - Henry Chapman 6/1907: 1492 $9 - Dr. C. Henry - Thomas L. Elder 5/1937: 1100 $28.

EF-40 Thos. P. Warfield -Associated Coin Auction Co. 10/1955: 197 $33 - Willard C. Blaisdell - Gordon J.Wrubel - Bowers and Ruddy Galleries RCR #25, Spring 1976 $895 - unknown - Heritage Numismatic Auctions #3, 6/1989: 1686 $3,080 - Anthony Terranova - Stack's FPL, 1991: 12 $8,000 - Stack's 1/1993: 1109 $3,300 - Anthony Terranova, Thomas D. Reynolds, and Chris Victor-McCawley (CVM).

EF-40 Henry C. Hines. Homer K. Downing - 1952 ANA (New Netherlands Coin Co. #38): 1710 $55 - Dr. William H. Sheldon - Dorothy Paschal, 1972 - Robinson S. Brown, Jr. - Superior Galleries 9/1986: 103 $2,420 - G. Lee Kuntz -Superior Galleries 10/1991: 88 $4,620. State III.

EF-40 Howard R. Newcomb - J. C. Morgenthau & Co. #458, 2/1945: 81 $47.50 - James Kelly - R. E. Naftzger, Jr. - A. Kosoff 4/1956: 28 $275 - Allen E. McDowell - Jake Hendin, 4/1976 - Del Bland - Jack H. Beymer.

EF-40 With some small planchet defects on obverse. A. H. Baldwin & Sons, Ltd. (London) - New Netherlands Coin Co. #50, 12/1957: 989 $65 - Lester L. Greenwood - Robert S.Carter, Jr. - Thomas D. Reynolds FPL#88, 2-3/1997 $4,300.

VF-35 Benjamin Stack (Imperial Coin Co.), 1956 - R. E.Naftzger, Jr. - Robert Gildred - Kagin's Numismatic Auctions #331, 10/1983: 1017 $825 - Jack H. Robinson - Superior Galleries 1/1989: 140 $1,980 - John R. Frankenfield. State III.

VF-35 Lester Merkin 9/1974: 275 $450 - Melvin L. Robinson - David C. Stagg III.
VF-35 M. A. Brown - S. H. & H. Chapman 4/1897: 763 $10.50 - George H. Earle, Jr. - Henry Chapman 6/1912: 3393 $6 - unknown - Ellis Robison - Stack's 2/1982: 411 $2,300.

Obverse 3. Same as the ground-down state VI of number 4b.

Reverse E. Layout similar to reverse F, below. Narrow triple leaf close to D with a point just left of the inside right curve. Pair of leaves extend above the center of c(E), with a berry above. Two leaf points touch the base of (N)T, that on the right extending well above the right foot, Three berries on the left branch, one opposite the top of O(N), no outer berry below S(T), and at least two berries on the right branch. Outer point of a double leaf is below the left foot of E(D). Other details are obscured by wear on all known survivors.

Edge: Plain.

Die states: Severe buckling at the upper wreath obliterates ATES OF. The die must have failed quickly.

Equivalents: Included in Encyclopedia 1676. High Rarity 7. Four known.

Remarks: The discovery coin was bought by Jack H. Beymer, at a New Carrollton, Maryland, convention, in July 1979 and identified as unpublished on Apri1 5, 1980. (Reported by Donn Pearlman, Coin World 9/17/1980, p.1; Penny-Wise, no. 81, 11/15/1980, pp. 237-239.) The second and third known were both discovered in 1993 as was the second known of number 5. The fourth known example turned up in 1994.

Reverse E (a leftover Gardner die) is similar to reverse F of number 8 and was probably made the same day. Its immediate failure suggests that it was among the last ones completed before Adam Eckfeldt standardized a new hardening method.

Others may exist in date sets labeled "ONE CENT central."

Condition Census:

AG-3 Purchased unattributed at a flea market in Connecticut on 4/16/1994 by Mark Poulin - Early American Coppers 1995: 178 $5,600 - Daniel W. Holmes, Jr.

FR-2 Purchased unattributed in a lot of large cents from a Worthy Coin Co. bid board in 2/1993 by Richard Nadeau - Bowers and Merena 11/1993: 1013, reserve $7,500 - Richard Nadeau, 6/19/1994 - Thomas D. Reynolds - Wes A. Rasmussen.

FR-2 Lee Crane (L & C Coins), 2/1/1993 - Larry Briggs Rare Coins. 158.7 grains.

BS-l Discovered by Jack H. Beymer on 4/5/1980 in a group of coins purchased 7/1979 at a Washington D. C. coin show, then via Dr. Robert J. Shalowitz in 5/1981 to R. E. Naftzger, Jr., 2/23/1992 - Eric Streiner, 3/20/1992 - Robinson S. Brown, Jr. - Superior Stamp & Coin Co. 1/1996: 109 $2,860 - Chris Victor-McCawley (CVM) FPL #53,3/1997 $6,850 - W. M. "Jack" Wadlington. Obverse and reverse illustrated in Noyes.

No other examples are known.