Estimated grade. BARBER AMAZONIAN LIBERTY HEAD LEFT. Unique.
David Akers (1975/88): Description: Obverse. Head of Liberty facing left with long flowing tresses and a Liberty cap of the type adopted from the French Revolution On the band of the cap is inscribed LIBERTY. Thirteen widely spaced stars surround the head near the border; the date, 1872, is beneath the bust. Reverse. The famous "Amazonian" design featuring a fierce eagle with upraised wings standing on a rock. The eagle holds three arrows in its right talon while it supports a shield with its left. Across the shield is a ribbon inscribed IN GOD WE TRUST. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA surrounds the eagle and is separated from the denomination ONE DOL. by stars on either side.
Comments: In 1872, the Chief Engraver of the Mint, William Barber, designed a complete denomination set of six gold coins with uniform designs. This represented the only such uniform set of gold patterns ever struck at the U. S. Mint. Only one complete set was struck in gold along with three or four sets in aluminum and perhaps twice that many sets in copper.l Both obverse and reverse designs are extremely beautiful and Col. James Curtis once stated that "This particular representation of the Liberty cap is probably the most attractive of the many varieties on United States coinage, pattern or regular."
The set in gold was known to R.C. Davis who included it in his pattern listing in the May, 1886 volume of The Coin Collector's Journal. collection. The complete set was subsequently owned by William Woodin but was later broken up. F.C.C. Boyd obtained the gold dollar and then Dr. J. Hewitt Judd acquired the piece when Boyd's vast pattern collection was dispersed in the early 1940's. Meanwhile, King Farouk obtained the other five unique pieces in the set. When Farouk's collection was sold in 1954, Dr. Wilkison purchased all five of the 1872 pattern gold pieces. He then contacted Dr. Judd and attempted to purchase the unique gold dollar to complete the set once again. He was not successful at this time but he did finally obtain the piece in 1962 along with the 20 other gold patterns from the Judd collection.
William Woodin Collection (Woodin owned the complete set of Amazonian gold patterns) - F.C.C. Boyd Collection (Boyd owned only the Amazonian gold Dollar) - Dr. J. Hewitt Judd Collection (Judd owned only the Amazonian gold Dollar), sold privately in 1962 - Dr. John E. Wilkison Collection (Wilkison re-assembled the complete set of Amazonian gold patterns in 1962 when he purchased the gold Dollar from the Judd Collection; Wilkison had already acquired the other five pieces at the sale of the Farouk Collection) - Paramount International Coin Corporation - Ed Trompeter Collection - Superior Galleries - Heritage - Simpson Collection