1804 $2.50 13 Stars Reverse AU50

CERTIFICATION#: -35083
PCGS#: 7651

Owner's Comments

PCGS grade. Ex. Neumoyer; Stacks Sale (1960) Sold by David Akers Numismatics May '98 Price realized $82500

Expert Comments

David Akers (1975/88): A mintage figure of 1,003 is suggested in Walter Breen's monograph on quarter eagles. This "high" mintage seems very unlikely to me, however, since the 1804 13 Star quarter eagle is much more rare than either the 1976 With Stars or 1797, both of which have mintages only slightly more than 400. In my experience this is the rarest quarter eagle. I have seen or handled more of every other date than I have of the 1804 13 Star Reverse, and almost every significant collection of quarter eagles is lacking this variety. An estimate of 10 to 12 pieces known might be a shade on the high side. The 13 stars on the obverse are arranged 8 to the left and 5 to the right, as they are on the 1802/1 quarter eagle.

Ron Guth: Akers suspicion that an estimate of 10 to 12 examples known of the 1804 $2.50 13 Stars Reverse appears to have withstood the test of time.  The PCGS CoinFacts Condition Census lists six examples from EF to AU58, plus a couple of circulated examples could be added to that list.  The finest example (a PCGS AU58) first appeared on the numismatic market in a 1956 New Netherlands sale, and last appeared in 2009, when it sold for a hefty $322,000.  Ownership of any 1804 $2.50 13 Star Reverse is quite a numismatic accomplishment.

Diameter: 20.00 millimeters Designer: Robert Scot Edge: Reeded
Mintage: 500 Weight: 4.37 grams Metal Content: 91.7% Gold, 8.3% Copper

Rarity and Survival Estimates

Grades Survival Estimate Numismatic Rarity Relative Rarity by Type Relative Rarity by Series
All Grades 11 R-9.5 1 / 11 1 / 12
60 or Better 0 R-10.1 1 / 11 1 / 12
65 or Better 0 R-10.1 1 / 11 1 / 12

Condition Census

Pos Grade Thumbnail Pedigree and History
1 AU58 PCGS grade

New Netherlands 48th Sale 11/1956:184 - Stack's 3/1990:629 - Superior “Auction ‘90” 8/1990:1250 - Superior 5/1991:1308 (as PCGS AU55) - Long Beach Connoisseur Collection - Bowers & Merena 8/1999:343 (as PCGS AU55), $149,500 - R.M. Phillips Limited Partnership Collection - Heritage 7/2009:1209 (as PCGS AU58 14975445), $322,000

3 AU53 estimated grade  

George Earle - Henry Chapman 6/1912:2502 - Stack's 3/1979:1672 - RARCOA “Auction ‘85” 7/1985:349 - David Akers “Auction ‘89” 7/1989:1359 - Michael Keston - Superior 1/1996:6 - Ed Price Collection - Heritage 7/2008:1459 (as NGC AU55 3122636-010), $322,000

3 AU53 estimated grade  
5 AU50 PCGS grade  

Charles W. Neumoyer Collection -
Stack's 5/1960:2352, $620 (against a $400 estimate) -
John Jay Pittman -
Akers 5/1998:1715, $82,500 -
Heritage 1/2004:3005 (as PCGS AU50 40039881), $92,000

6 EF40 PCGS grade