1846-D $2.50 F15

CERTIFICATION#: -35120
PCGS#: 7742

Owner's Comments

Estimated grade. Ex. Numismatic Gallery 1954 CSNS Sale Sold by David Akers Numismatics May '98 Price realized $660

Expert Comments

David Akers (1975/88): The 1846-D is comparable in overall rarity to the 1844-D, but it is significantly more difficult to obtain in choice condition. Strictly uncirculated pieces are very rare and, except for the one in the Smithsonian Institution, the only really nice one that I have seen was the Unc-60 coin in the 1973 Kreisberg/Cohen Sale that was purchased by Harry Bass.Doug Winter: The 1846-D quarter eagle has nearly the same mintage as the 1845-D. But the 1846-D is more common from the standpoint of overall rarity and the number known to exist in higher grades.

The 1846-D quarter eagle is most often seen in Very Fine and Extremely Fine grades. It is scarce in the lower About Uncirculated grades and rare in the higher About Uncirculated grades. This is an extremely rare issue in Mint State. Only one example of the “D Near D” reverse exists in Mint State.

STRIKE: 1846-D quarter eagles are usually fairly well struck. The obverse is well defined with just a bit of the weakness on the curls near the ear and eye. The stars are sharp although a few may be missing their radial lines. The milling is sharp. The reverse is not as bold as the obverse. The eagle shows some weakness on its neck and wings and the right leg is invariably weak. The lettering is full but many are weak on the denticles. On late die state coins, the centers become weaker and show clashmarks while there are a number of cracks on the reverse (see below) which weaken the overall appearance.

SURFACES: This date is generally found with numerous marks scattered about the surfaces. Many have been cleaned and show hairlines. This was an issue that appears to have seen heavy commercial use and any piece with clean, problem-free surfaces is very rare.

LUSTER: High grade examples have bright, frosty luster with an appealing texture. I have seen a small number of slightly reflective pieces as well.

COLORATION: Uncleaned, original 1846-D quarter eagles have colors which range from intense orange-gold to lighter yellow gold and medium green-gold. There are more original pieces available than for the 1844-D and 1845-D but an increasing number show signs of having been cleaned or dipped.

EYE APPEAL: Some very pleasing pieces exist but the typical example shows below average eye appeal.

PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS: In the late 1990’s, the 1846-D/Near D quarter eagle (Variety 7-K; see below) was accorded a high premium by specialists. Since then, the interest factor for the variety has remained high but its price premium has decreased. In my opinion, an early die state example that grades About Uncirculated-50 or better is worth at least 30-40% premium. In Uncirculated, this premium would be even greater, given the extreme rarity of very high grade 1846-D/Near D quarter eagles.

DIE VARIETIES: A total of four die varieties are known. One of these (Variety 7-K) is a spectacular and important naked eye variety which trades for a significant premium among specialists.

Variety 7-H: Three of the four varieties share the same obverse die. On this obverse, which has a lower date position than on Obverse 8, the triangle of the 4 is lightly repunched and the 6 shows light repunching at its base. The 1 and the 6 are both close to the denticles. There is extra metal between the crossbar and the base of the 4 and within the upper loop of the 6, due to a defective die punch. 1846 quarter eagles from all four of the mints which produced coins show this feature; it has been mistaken for an 1846/44 overdate in the past. The reverse is the same as described for 1843-D Variety 4-G.

This variety is rare.

Variety 7-J: This reverse die was used only in 1846. The shaft of the arrow ends over the left side of the upright of the mintmark. The fraction bar extends to the left side of the opening of the mintmark. No feathers enter the opening of the mintmark. The right edge of the 1 in the fraction is placed to the left of the lower serif of the mintmark. Many examples show a die break which begins at the rim at the right side of the E in AMERICA and runs through the field and into the feathers. A second crack runs from the first S in STATES through to the rim.

This variety is scarce.

Variety 7-K: “D Near D Reverse.” This reverse was only used in 1846. The mintmark is placed far to the right and it is joined to the branch stem. The shaft of the arrow extends far to the left of the entire mintmark. The fraction bar extends only to the lower serif of the mintmark. Early die states show the remains of another mintmark over the 1 in the fraction. Later die states show only the lower serif of the earlier mintmark and this fades with die use. ONLY COINS WHICH PLAINLY SHOW SHARP TRACES OF THE FIRST MINTMARK PUNCH QUALIFY AS EXAMPLES OF THE “D NEAR D” VARIETY.

Die cracks can be seen on most examples using this reverse. A heavy crack can be seen on the lower right side of the second S in STATES. Another crack develops along the base of the second S in STATES and OF and it continues to the wing. Yet another crack runs from the right side of the D in UNITED through the wing and on to the base of the first S in STATES. A final crack can be seen at the rim through the E in AMERICA to the wing.

Early die state coins which plainly show the first mintmark are rare and generally command a strong premium. Later die state examples are common and sell for little or no premium.

Variety 8-L: This variety has a high date which is not close to the denticles. The 6 is equally spaced between the bust and the denticles. The same defects within the 4 and 6 in the date on Obverse 7 can be seen on this obverse as well. On the reverse, the fraction bar extends to the center of the upright of the mintmark. The mintmark is high and close to the stem. The feather extends into the upper left corner of the opening of the mintmark and the tip of the feather extends out from the left side of the upright of the mintmark.

An example of this variety was discovered in the Pittman collection and sold as Lot 1753 in May 1998. It appears to be very rare.

Diameter: 18.00 millimeters Designer: Christian Gobrecht Edge: Reeded
Mintage: 19,303 Weight: 4.18 grams Metal Content: 90% Gold, 10% Copper

Rarity and Survival Estimates

Grades Survival Estimate Numismatic Rarity Relative Rarity by Type Relative Rarity by Series
All Grades 200 R-7.0 74 / 147 TIE 74 / 147 TIE
60 or Better 7 R-9.6 43 / 147 TIE 43 / 147 TIE
65 or Better 0 R-10.1 1 / 147 1 / 147

Condition Census

Pos Grade Thumbnail Pedigree and History
1 MS63 PCGS grade  
1 MS63 PCGS grade  
1 MS63 estimated grade  
4 MS62 estimated grade  
4 MS62 estimated grade