1839 $10 Type of 1840 MS63

CERTIFICATION#: -35466
PCGS#: 8580

Owner's Comments

Estimated grade. Ex. Woodin; Farouk (1954) Sold by David Akers Numismatics May '98 Price realized $143000

Expert Comments

David Akers (1975/88): In 1839, the head of Liberty was remodeled and this new design continued unchanged, except for the addition of the Motto above the eagle in 1866, until 1907. This second issue of 1839 is not only the first year of this type, it is also the first in a long line of extremely underrated issues. In my opinion, the Liberty Head Eagle series contains the most underrated and unappreciated of all U.S. gold coins. Almost without exception Liberty Head Eagles prior to 1880 are very rare in AU or Uncirculated condition and many are unknown in those grades. While lacking the numerous "date rarities" of the Half Eagle series, the Eagle series is the premier series of U.S. coins when it comes to "condition rarity", and all of the "impossible-to-obtain-in-high-grade" issues are of the Liberty Head type.

The 1839 Type of '40 is very rare in any condition and most known specimens are VF or EF. Several mint state examples are known with the Jay specimen, a gen, possibly the finest although the 1976 ANA coin was also choice. As a date, this is significantly more rare than either the 1839 Type of '38 or the 1838.

No proofs are known.Doug Winter: This issue was created after the Eagle design was remodeled in 1839 and it is appreciably different from the Type of 1838 that was produced earlier in the year. it is rare in all grades with an estimated 50-60 known from the original mintage of 12,447. This issue is usually seen in very low grades with VF20 to EF40 examples being typical. It becomes rare in AU with around ten or so properly graded pieces known. In Uncirculated it is slightly more available than other rarities in the series. I would estimate that there are three or four known. The finest (and one of my single favorite American coins) is Pittman: 1912, ex: Farouk, Woodin. This coin sold for $143,000 back in May, 1998 and is now graded MS64 by NGC.

Diameter: 26.80 millimeters Designer: Christian Gobrecht Edge: Reeded
Mintage: 12,447 Weight: 16.70 grams Metal Content: 90% Gold, 10% Copper

Rarity and Survival Estimates

Grades Survival Estimate Numismatic Rarity Relative Rarity by Type Relative Rarity by Series
All Grades 55 R-8.4 10 / 64 TIE 17 / 183 TIE
60 or Better 3 R-9.8 13 / 64 TIE 30 / 183 TIE
65 or Better 0 R-10.1 1 / 64 1 / 183

Condition Census

Pos Grade Thumbnail Pedigree and History
1 MS63 estimated grade  

William Woodin - Virgil Brand (#57064) - King Farouk - Sotheby's 1954 - John Jay Pittman - David Akers 5/1988:1912, $143,000

2 MS62 PCGS grade  
3 AU58 PCGS grade Ellen D Collection (PCGS Set Registry) - Simpson Collection
3 AU58 PCGS grade  
5 AU55 PCGS grade