1875 T$1 PR64

CERTIFICATION#: -50498
PCGS#: 7055

Owner's Comments

Estimated grade. Sold in Stack's Auction of Garrett / Hopkins University, Mar. 1976

Expert Comments

Q. David Bowers: The following narrative, with minor editing, is from my "Silver Dollars & Trade Dollars of the United States: A Complete Encyclopedia" (Wolfeboro, NH: Bowers and Merena Galleries, Inc., 1993):

Proof mintages: The conventional wisdom is that 700 Proofs were made, but there is a strong case that the quantity might have been 900, for reasons given above. Proof coinage commenced with 300 pieces in January, after which no pieces were made in February. In March 200 Proofs followed. By the end of September the total was 700 (or 900), apparently more than enough, as no more followed.

Sometimes slightly impaired Proofs are offered for sale as "Prooflike Uncirculated," to catch the unwary buyer who is seeking a rare Mint State business strike.

Proofs of the Type I and Type II issues: Proofs were made with the Type I as well as the Type II reverse, with the former being much the rarer of the two. All have Type I obverse. Presumably, some small portion of the 300 Proofs minted in January 1875 were with the Type I reverse, (See Walter Breen s Encyclopedia of U.S. and Colonial Proof Coins, p. 152, for a further discussion of the Type I and Type II Proofs of this year.) Out of nearly 60 Proofs examined by Walter Breen since 1988, only five were Type I/I, the rest I/I A few I/II. (Letter to the author, April 26, 1992.) Proofs have the reverse with long arc scratch described for 1873, now partly worn off the die. The last of these show die failure at eagle's leg and claws above 900. Others have a different reverse; both are rare.

In Henry Christensen's sale catalogue for the John M. Willem Collection, sold on September 5, 1980, the elusive nature of the Type I reverse was recognized: "The Type I is very rare." It sold for $5,000, as compared to a Type II reverse in the same sale at $4,500. The first coin was described as a "lovely Proof," and the second as a "splendid Proof."

Proofs well received: Proofs of the 1875 trade dollar seem to have met with a better reception by numismatists than did the coins of 1873 and 1874, for quite a few more 1875 Proofs are known today than either of the other two early dates.

Varieties:

OBVERSE TYPE I: RIBBON ENDS POINT LEFT, 1873-1876
REVERSE TYPE I: BERRY BELOW CLAW, 1873-1876

Proofs:

1. Patched letters reverses: General type of Breen-5788. With reverse of 1873 No.2 (and 1874 No.2).

No accurate censuses have been taken, and earlier it was thought that only a small fraction of surviving Proofs are of the Type 1/1 configuration. However, a survey of auction appearances taken by Mark Borckardt in 1992 suggests that 62% of the 1875 Proofs are of this style, and 38% Type 1/11. As virtually no one has collected Proof trade dollars by reverse types, there has been no meaningful price differentiation in the market prices as of 1992.

2. Perfect reverse: New die, normal (not patched) letters. Narrow area between eagle's tail and eagle's dexter leg polished (compare this to 1873 Proof Reverse No.2, which does not have this polished). Tiny chip out of lower part of the top side of the top right serif in F of OF. Die flaw resembling an apostrophe to the right of R in PLURIBUS. Bottom of first 0 in 900 partially missing.

OBVERSE TYPE I: RIBBON ENDS POINT LEFT, 1873-1876
REVERSE TYPE II: NO BERRY BELOW CLAW, 1875-1885

Proofs:

1. Breen-5789. Type I/II. Believed to comprise about 38% of the 700 (or 900?) Proofs struck of this date, per a 1992 survey of auction appearances by Mark Borckardt. Many are weak at the top of the obverse, including Miss Liberty's head.

Proofs:

Dies prepared: Obverse: Unknown; Reverse: Unknown

Proof mintage: 700. Delivery figures by month:

January: 300; February: none; March: 200; April-June: none; July: 50; August: 50; September: 100; October-December: none.

Diameter: 38.10 millimeters Designer: William Barber Edge: Reeded
Mintage: 700 Weight: 27.20 grams Metal Content: 90% Silver, 10% Copper

Rarity and Survival Estimates

Grades Survival Estimate Numismatic Rarity Relative Rarity by Type Relative Rarity by Series
All Grades 600 R-5.8 4 / 13 TIE 4 / 13 TIE
60 or Better 560 R-5.8 4 / 13 TIE 4 / 13 TIE
65 or Better 40 R-8.7 4 / 13 4 / 13

Condition Census

Pos Grade Thumbnail Pedigree and History
1 PR66+ PCGS grade

Simpson Collection

2 PR67 PCGS grade  
2 PR67 PCGS grade  
4 PR66 PCGS grade
4 PR66 PCGS grade