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Spencer Collection British Commonwealth Type Set 1649-1660 - The Number One Finest Set of All Time

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Spencer Collection British Commonwealth Type Set 1649-1660

Image Item PCGS # Date Denom Grade PCGS # Pop PCGS # Pop Higher Pop Pop Higher Comments
Gold Unite 144322 1652 Unite AU55 1 23
Great Britain, Commonwealth UNITE Gold Issue, Wonderful Strike, Full Round, As Struck, Better Date. Very difficult to locate well centered, high grade examples. Rare. Published with photo in PCGS Rare Coin Market report, April 2008.
Gold Double Crown Dbl Cr
Gold 50 Shillings Cromwell 515774 1656 P50 Sh
Gold Broad Cromwell 616352 1656 Broad MS62 4 63
Great Britain, Gold Pattern Broad, 1656. WR-39. S-3225; Fr-273. By Thomas Simon. Oliver Cromwell, 1653-1660. Laureate head of Cromwell left. Reverse: Crowned arms of the Protectorate. Reeded edge. Superbly struck, with handsome old reddish toning. Extremely rare in this grade, among the finest known. PCGS MS62 (Although all of these coins are actually considered proofs according to most experts). Any apparent marks are on the holder and not the coin. This coin is drastically under graded. The following is an excerpt from the Millennia Sale Catalog: The so-called gold Broad, valued in 1656 at 20 shillings, was in effect the very first Guinea, which was invented in the following decade and also valued at 20 shillings. In earlier, hammered versions, it was known as the Pound. Cromwell's golden Broad brought back a tradition lost for some decades, that of placing the monarch's portrait on the "face" of the coin. Cromwell, however, famously declined the regal title, opting for Lord Protector in its stead. But in reality Oliver Cromwell ruled with great personal authority and influence, much as had the long succession of monarchs before him. His Broad is considered very rare (R2 in Wilson & Rasmussen), but the R2 rating does an injustice to this particular specimen, in that most of these pieces, when seen, are heavily impaired by scratches, digs, cleaning and other abuse. While these are referred to as "patterns," nevertheless their issuance as general coin was authorized in 1656, with large-scale production done in 1657, and a second and larger production some time before Cromwell's death. All were machine-made from dies supplied by Thomas Simon, without a doubt one of England's finest die engravers (and an unappreciated national "art treasure" at the time). The striking was done on the presses of a hired Frenchman, Pierre Blondeau. Unfortunately for the talented Simon, the process of converting to mechanized coining caused him to be displaced from his job at the mint as principal engraver, although he continued to cut seals. Later, Simon would fall victim to the Great Plague of 1665 that ravished London and the rest of England. Much like Mozart, he passed away ignominiously. Also much like Mozart, his art has lived on forever, while the memories of those who despoiled him have become no more than mites of dust. Comparable examples: The Terner example (See Goldberg Auction May 2008) which realized $69,000.00. PCGS population shows this coin as Finest, with 6 graded lower. Also, Cf. Lot 3928, Goldberg Sale 74, a PR 62 realized $60,375.00. A Proof 64 NGC holder realized $110,000 before buyer's premium.
Gold Crown Crown
Silver Crown Crown
Silver Crown Cromwell Crown
Silver Half Crown 1/2 Cr
Silver Half Crown Cromwell 1/2 Cr
Silver Shilling Shil
Silver Shilling Cromwell 1658 Shil
Silver Sixpence 6D
Silver Sixpence Cromwell 478758 1658 6D
Silver Halfgroat 160292 (1649-60) 2D
Silver Penny 767865 (1649-60) 1D
Silver Halfpenny 261877 ND 1/2D
Copper Farthing Cromwell (1653-58) 1/4D