1853 $1 BG-604 Eagle N1 Certification #25614357, PCGS #10520

Owner's Comments

One of two known of this variety.

Expert Comments

Ron Guth

The 1853 BG-604 Gold Dollar is one of the most desirable of all the California Fractional Gold pieces.  It is certainly, the most valuable.  Jay Roe paid a reported $100,000 for the best of only two known examples.  When Roe's collection was sold in 2003, the coin realized $80,500.  In 2005, the coin resold for $82,800, and it would probably be worth over $100,000 again today.

The obverse of this variety features a Liberty Head facing left; the initial's "G.G." beneath the bust stand for Gaime, Guillemot & Co., for whom the coin was made by Frontier, Deviercy & Co.  The unique reverse of this variety has an unusual, fatty eagle with a crest atop its head resembling that of a cockatoo.  This is the only round Dollar with an eagle on the reverse.

The only other example known to exist shows the details of an About Uncirculated coin, but it has a small patch of heavy scratches in the left obverse field opposite Liberty's eye.  That coin, which had been off the market since 1956, reappeared in the January 2016 Heritage auction.

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Metal Content
The United States of America
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Price Guide
PCGS Population
Auctions - PCGS Graded
Auctions - NGC Graded

Rarity and Survival Estimates

65 or Better 3 R-9.8 51 / 580 TIE 51 / 580 TIE
All Grades 2 R-9.9 37 / 580 TIE 37 / 580 TIE
60 or Better 0 R-10.1 1 / 580 1 / 580

Condition Census

Pos Grade Thumbnail Pedigree and History
1 MS62 PCGS estimated grade

Plate coin in Breen-Gillio, second edition (2003)

Superior 9/1987:4487 - Goliad Corp, sold privately on 8/26/1991 via Mike Brownlee for a reported $100,000 - Jay Roe Collection - Bowers & Merena 9/2003:137, $80,500 - American Numismatic Rarities 7/2005:20, $82,800

Believed to be ex F.C.C. Boyd Collection - New Netherlands Fixed Price List of July/August 1957:5194, $225

2 AU details, obverse damage

Possibly John W. Scott, possibly A.G. Heaton (per the Heritage 1/206 catalog) - Waldo C. Newcomer Collection - T. James Clarke Collection - New Netherlands 4/1956:683, $200 - Donald R. Hyink Collection - Elbert Henry Gary Collection - Heritage 1/2016:5730, $82,250