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History of the Early United States Mint

1781 to 1791

by Ron Guth

The first United States Mint was built in 1792.  While much of the authorizing legislation is known, the daily workings of the Mint have gone largely unpublished, primarily because of a dearth of information.  Mint records have been lost, scattered, or poorly preserved.  Perhaps the best repository of Mint records is in the National Archives in Washington, DC.  The following chronology reconstructs the early years of the Mint based on the records in the National Archives and other sources.  The value in this chronology is that it provides detailed information about the activities at the Mint, it provides deductive answers to many questions that have arisen over the years about the early Mint and its personnel, and it gives the reader a "feel" for what it was like to build and maintain a Mint in the 1790's and early 1800's.

June 28, 1781

From: John Bradford

To: Samuel Huntington, President of Congress

"Sir . . I beg leave to mention to your Excellency that we have a very large quantity of rough copper laying in the Stores upwards of two years. It has always been supposed that it was sent with a design to mix with other metals for the purpose of Casting Brass Cannon. It is sort of Copper in so rough a State, as has not been seen among us. I have had the Opinion of several of our most ingenious artisans respecting the quality of it, who were all of the same Sentiment, that it was scarcely worth the freight, but two days ago I had an Essay made by Mr. Dudley, and we find it to be the purest copper. He melted down about two pounds into three ingots, and we find no dross among it. Mr. Dudley assured me he can roll it into Sheets of any thickness, and can either harden or soften it. We find it to be very malleable. He tells me that if Congress should see meet to Strike a parcel of coppers for a currency he can make the apparatus and go through the whole process. This gentleman comes to America highly recommended as a warm friend to our cause and being possessed of a most uncommon extensive genius. A Doctor Pei --- who was his patron left London with him to come over via France in order to bring over some arts unknown to us, but the Doctor was advertised and a large reward offered to stop him from taking Mr. Dudley out of the kingdom, but they just escaped being taken. The Character of both those Gentlemen are known to my son as being acquainted with them ten months in France. The Doctor is waiting a favorable opportunity to get to America. Mr. Dudley has already given such proofs to his ingenuity that ----- him as an important acquisition to this infant nation, and I hope he will meet the encouragement. I have the honour, etc."

Source: Papers of the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention, Record Group 360, No. 78, IV, National Archives, also TAXAY, p. 13.

July 16, 1781

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Wrote to Mr. Dudley at Boston inviting him hither in consequence of the Continental Agent Mr. Bradford’s Letter respecting him referred to me by Congress".

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.7

July 17, 1781

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Wrote Mr. Bradford respecting Mr. Dudley."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.7

November 10, 1781

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Ordered some money on application of Mr. Dudley to pay his expenses."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.7

November 12, 1781

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Sent for Mr. Dudley to consult him respecting the quantity of Alloy Silver will bear without being discoloured, he says he can put six drops into an ounce. Desired him to assay some Spanish Dollars and French Crowns, in order to know the quantity of pure Silver in each."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.7

November 16, 1781

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Mr. Dudley assayed a number of Crowns and dollars for our information respecting the Mint."

Source:  George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.7

January 2, 1782

From Robert Morris’ Diary

"Mr. Benjamin applied for money to pay his Board which I directed to be paid by Mr. Swanwick, this gentlemen is detained at the public expense as a person absolutely necessary in the Mint, which I hope soon to see established. My propositions on that subject are to be submitted to Congress so soon as I can get the proper assays made on Silver Coins, etc."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.7

January 7, 1782

From Robert Morris’ Diary

"Mr. Dudley applies about getting his wife from England.  I promised him every assistance in my power."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.7

January 15, 1782

"On the 15th of January, 1782, he [Robert Morris] laid before the Congress an exposition on the whole subject [of a National Mint]."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.7

January 18, 1782

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"I went to Mr. Gouvr. Morris’s Lodging to examine the plan we had agreed on, and which we had drawn up respecting the Establishment of a Mint, we made some alterations and amendments to my satisfaction and from a belief that this is a necessary and salutory measure. I have ordered it copied and sent into Congress.

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.8

January 23, 1782

From: Robert Morris, in Philadelphia

To: Richard Yates

"At the request of a very honest Man who seems much distressed for the welfare of his wife, now in London, I beg to trouble you with the enclosed Letter, praying that you will forward it, and if in consequence thereof Mrs. Dudley should come to New York, I beg you to procure her Passage and reasonable expenses in New York, which must be reasonable as possible, she may draw upon her Husband, Mr. Benjamin Dudley, and I engage that the Draft shall be paid. I shall thank you for your attention to this poor Lady when she arrives..."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.7

January 23, 1782

From: Robert Morris, in Philadelphia

To: The Commissary General of Prisoners

"I send herewith an open letter for Mr. Richard Yates containing one for Mrs. Dudley in London, from her husband now here. I wish these may be safely delivered to Mr. Yates, and therefore pray you to send them into New York, by some person that will not only promise, but perform the delivery of them..."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.7

January 26, 1782

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Mr. Dudley applied for money to pay his lodgings, etc. I ordered Mr. Swanwick to supply him with fifty dollars, informed him that the Plan of a Mint is before Congress, and when passed, that he shall be directly employed, if not agreed to by Congress, I shall compensate him for his time, etc."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.8

February 26, 1782

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Mr. Benjamin Dudley brought me the rough drafts or plan for the rooms of a Mint, etc. I desired him to go to Mr. Whitehead Humphreys to consult him about screws, Smithwork, etc. that will be wanted for the Mint, and to bring me a list thereof with an estimate of the Cost."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.8

February 28, 1782

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Mr. Dudley informs me that a Mr. Wheeler, a Smith in the Country, can make the Screws, Rollers, etc., for the Mint. Mr. Dudley proposes the Dutch Church, that which is now unoccupied, as a place suitable for the Mint, I sent him to view it, and he returns satisfied that it will answer, wherefore I must enquire about it."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.8

March 22, 1782

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Mr. Dudley and Mr. Wheeler came and brought with them some Models of the Screws and Rollers necessary for the Mint. I found Mr. Wheeler entertained some doubts respecting one of these machines which Mr. Dudley insists will answer the purposes and says that he will be responsible for it. I agreed with Mr. Wheeler that he should perform the work; and, as neither he nor I could judge of the value that ought to be paid for it, he is to perform the same agreeable to Mr. Dudley’s directions, and when finished, we are to have it valued by some Honest judges of such work, he mentioned Philip Syng, Edwd. Duffield, William Rush and ----- all of whom I believe are good judges and very honest men, therefore I readily agreed to this proposition. And I desired Mr. Dudley to consult Mr. Rittenhouse and Francis Hopkinson Esquire, as to the Machine or Wheel in dispute, and let me have their opinion."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.8; Taxay, The US MINT and Coinage, p. 17

March 23, 1782

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Mr. Dudley called to inform me that Mr. Rittenhouse & Mr. Hopkinson agree to his plan of the Machine, etc."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.8

April 12, 1782

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Mr. Dudley wants a horse to go up to Mr. Wheelers, etc."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.8

May 20, 1782

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Mr. Dudley wrote me a letter this day and wanted money. I directed Mr. Swanwick to supply him, and then desired him to view the Mason’s Lodge to see if it would answer for a Mint, which he thinks it will, I desired him to go up to Mr. Wheelers to see how he goes with the Rollers, etc."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.9

June 17, 1782

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Mr. Dudley applied for money for his bill. I directed Mr. Swanwick to supply him."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.9

June 18, 1782

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Issued a warrant in favor of B. Dudley £7.11.16."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.9

July 15, 1782

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Mr. Dudley applied for money, he is very uneasy for want of employment, and the Mint in which he is to be employed and for which I have engaged him, goes on so slowly that I am also uneasy at having this gentleman on pay and no work for him. He offered to go and assist Mr. Byers to establish the Brass Cannon Foundry at Springfield. I advised to make that proposal to Genl. Lincoln and inform me the result to-morrow."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.9

July 25, 1782

From: Robert Morris, in Philadelphia
To: Rev. William Gordon, D.D.

"In consequence of your letter on the nineteenth of June, I sent for Mr. Dudley, told him of the information you had so kindly given me, and assured him of my desires to make him easy and happy. The business in which he is intended to be employed is like many other important matters, retarded by the tediousness of the States in supplying the Continental Treasury.

The Hon’ble Secretary at War has commenced a correspondence with General Gates at my request, which I think, will produce what he wishes. Be assured that I take particular pleasure in promoting the interest and happiness of worthy men..."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.9

July 16, 1782

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Mr. B. Dudley to whom I gave an order on Mr. Swanwick for fifty dollars, and desired him to seek after Mr. Wheeler to know whether the Roller, etc., are ready for him to go to work on rolling the copper for the Mint."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.9

August 22, 1782

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Mr. Saml. Wheeler who made the Rollers for the Mint, applies for money. I had a good deal of conversation with this ingenious gentleman."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.9

August 26, 1782

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Mr. Dudley called and pressed very much to be set at work."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.9

September 3, 1782

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Mr. B. Dudley applied for a passage for his friend Mr. Sprague, pr. the Washington to France & for Mrs. Dudley back. Mr. Wheeler applied for money which I promised in a short time."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.9

September 4, 1782

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Mr. Wheeler for money. I desired him to leave his claim with Mr. McCall Secretary in this office, and I will enable the discharge of his notes in the Bank when due."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.9

November 8, 1782

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Mr. Dudley applies for the amount of his bill for lodgings and diet, etc., and I directed Mr. Swanwick to pay him, but am very uneasy that the Mint is not going on."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.9

December 23, 1782

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Mr. Dudley and Mr. Wilcox brought the subsistence paper, and I desired Mr. Dudley to deliver 4,000 sheets to Hall and Sellers."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.9

November 29, 1782

From: Robert Morris (Office of Finance)
To: Benjamin Dudley

"You will herewith receive the Form for making a particular kind of paper. You are to proceed to the Paper Mill of Mr. Mark Wilcox, in Ash Town Chester County, who has the stuff prepared, and there to superintend the making of sundry reams of Paper upon this form - in doing of which you are to be particularly careful not to leave it in the power of any person or persons to make any paper upon this Form without your Immediate Inspection.

You are to attend the Workmen constantly whilst they are at work, and when you retire from the Mill upon any occasion you are to take the Form with you. You are to count the Paper as it is made sheet by sheet and when you have finished the whole, you are to bring it to me together with the Form..."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.9

December 26, 1782

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Mr. Hall the printer brought 100 sheets of the subsistence notes on this day, and desired that more paper might be sent to his Printing Office, accordingly I sent for Mr. Dudley and desired him to deliver the same from time to time, until the whole shall amount to 4,000 sheets."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.10

February 8, 1783

"Jacob Eckfield was paid $5.18 for dies."

--Taxay, THE U.S. MINT & COINAGE, p. 17

March 21, 1783

"Dudley was paid $75.24 for 'preparing a Mint'."

--Taxay, THE U.S. MINT & COINAGE, p. 17

April 2, 1783

From Robert Morris’s Diary:

"I sent for Mr. Dudley who delivered me a piece of Silver Coin, being the first that has been struck as an American coin."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.10

April 16, 1783

From Robert Morris’s Diary:

"Sent for Mr. Dudley and urged him to produce the Coins to lay before Congress to establish a Mint."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.10

April 17, 1783

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Sent for Mr. Dudley to urge the preparing of Coins, etc. for establishing a Mint."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.10


"John Swanwick was paid $22.42 for dies.

Swanwick was a business partner of Robert Morris, and the payment recorded on April 17 was apparently a re-imbursement for bills drawn against the former."

--Taxay, THE U.S. MINT & COINAGE, p. 17-18

April 22, 1783

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Mr. Dudley sent in several pieces of Money as patterns of the intended American coins."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.10

April 23, 1783

"A day later, Morris enclosed the coins in a letter to Congress, requesting that he be allowed to explain his plan for a Mint, and to select a committee to report on the subject."

--TAXAY, U.S. MINT & COINAGE, p. 18

May 5, 1783

"A. Dubois was paid $72.00 for "sinking, casehardening, etc. four pairs of dies for the public Mint"."

--TAXAY, U.S. MINT & COINAGE, p. 18

May 6, 1783

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Sent for Mr. Dudley and desired him to go down to Mr. Mark Wilcox’s to see 15,000 Sheets of paper made fit to print my Notes on."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.10

May 7, 1783

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"This day delivered Mr. Dudley the paper Mold for making paper, mark’d United States, and dispatched him to Mr. Wilcox’s, but was obliged to advance him 20 dollars."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.10

May 27, 1783

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"I sent for Mr. Dudley to know if he had completed the paper at Mr. Wilcox’s paper mill, for the Certificates intended for the pay of the Army. He says it is made, but not yet sufficiently dry for the printers use. I desired him to repair down to the Mill and bring it up as soon as possible."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.10

May 28, 1783

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Mr. Whitehead Humphreys to offer his lot and buildings for erecting a Mint."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.10

July 5, 1783

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Mr. Benj. Dudley gave notice that he has received back from Messrs. Hall and Sellers the Printers, three thousand sheets of the last paper made by Mr. Wilcox. I desired him to bring it to this office. He also informs me of a Minting Press being in new York for sale, and urges me to purchase it for the use of the American Mint."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.10

July 7, 1783

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Mr. Dudley respecting the Minting Press, but I had not time to see him."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.10

August 19, 1783

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"I sent for Mr. Benjamin Dudley, and informed him of my doubts about the establishment of a Mint, and desired him to think of some employment in private service, in which I am willing to assist him all in my power. I told him to make out an account for the services he had performed for the public, and submit at the Treasury office for inspection and settlement."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.10

August 30, 1783

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Mr. Dudley brought the dies for Coining in the American Mint."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.10

September 3, 1783

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Mr. Dudley applies for money for his expenses which I agree to supply, but urge his going into private business."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.10

September 4, 1783

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Mr. Dudley for money, which is granted.  Directed him to make three models for constructing Dry----"

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.10

November 21, 1783

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Mr. Dudley applies for money. He says he was at half a guinea a week and his expenses borne when he left Boston to come about the Mint, and he thinks the public ought to make that good to him. I desired him to write me and I will state his claims to Congress."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.10

November 26, 1783

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Mr. Dudley for money, which was granted."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.10

December 17, 1783

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Mr. Dudley with his account for final settlement. I referred him to Mr. Milligan."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.10

January 5, 1784

From Robert Morris’ Diary:

"Mr. Dudley applies for a Certificate of Time which he was detained in the public service. I granted him one accordingly."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.10

January 7, 1784

"Mr. Dudley after the settlement of his account, which I completed by signing a warrant."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p.10

March 15, 1784

An independent reference to the copper 5-unit piece appears in the diary of Samuel Curwen, who on March 15, 1784 received a specimen from Judge Josiah Bartlett.

--TAXAY, U.S. MINT & COINAGE, p. 18

May 1, 1784

From: Robert Morris
To: Thomas Jefferson

". . . In this letter you will find enclosed my original letter to Congress of the 23rd of April 1783, together with Specimens of a Coin there mentioned. These you will be so kind as to deliver to the Secretary of Congress after you have done with them and as the Reasoning on such subjects is facilitated by a reference to visible objects let us take to the largest of these Silver Coins as the Money Unit divisible into a thousand parts each containing 1/4 of a grain of pure silver, and worth about two thirds of a Dollar, viz: 4/2 Virginia money. The smallest Copper piece is worth one Farthing Virginia money . . . "

--TAXAY, U.S. MINT & COINAGE, p. 18

April 15, 1790

"On the 15th of April, 1790, Congress instructed the Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton, to prepare and report a proper plan for the establishment of a National Mint, and Mr. Hamilton presented his report at the next session."

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p. 7

March 1791

Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton's Report on the Subject of a Mint - the complete text

1792

by Ron Guth

"An act was framed establishing the mint, which finally passed both Houses and received President Washington’s approval April 2, 1792." (During the Confederation the different states had the unquestioned right to coin money, but only according to the standard of fineness, weight, and value, prescribed by the central government).

Source: George C. Evans, History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891), p. 7

An act passed by Congress, April 2, 1792, ordained "That a Mint for the purpose of a national coinage be and the same is established; to be situate and carried on at the seat of the government of the United States, for the time being."

Reference in the bibliography

April 14, 1792

"On April 14, 1792, Washington appointed David Rittenhouse, the foremost scientist of America, the first director of the Mint at a salary of $2000 per annum. Rittenhouse was then in feeble health and lived at the northwest corner of Seventh and Arch Streets, then one of the high places of Old Philadelphia, where he had an observatory and where he later died and was first buried."

Stewart, Frank H. "George Washington and the First U.S. Mint". The Numismatist, April, 1925.

May, 1792

In May, 1792, President Washington provided for the purchase of an L-shaped plot of ground on Seventh Street, Philadelphia, near Market Street, together with three small buildings of different size and shape. Here the Mint of the United States was established, and remained for forty-one years, with an extensive remodeling in 1816.

Dr. William H. Sheldon, Penny Whimsy (New York, Harper Brothers, 1958)

July, 1, 1792

Washington, on the first of July following, appointed David Rittenhouse to be the "Director of the Mint." Rittenhouse very soon thereafter entered upon the duties of his office.

Sylvester Sage Crosby, The United States Coinage of 1793. -- Cents and Half Cents. (Boston: Published by the author, 1897)

July 9, 1792

To: David Rittenhouse, Director of the Mint
From: George Washington, President

"Having had under consideration the letter of the Director of the Mint on this day's date, I hereby declare my approbation of the purchase he has made of the house and lot for the Mint; of the employment of Mr. Voight as Coiner, of the procuring fifteen tons of copper, and dimes and half-dismes of silver, and I leave to his discretion to have such alterations and additions made to the buildings purchased, as he shall find necessary; satisfied that under his orders no expense will be incurred which reason and necessity will not justify.  And I desire that he will make out an Estimate of the sums of money which will be wanting for these purposes, and of the times at which they will be wanting, in order to enable the Treasury to make arrangements for furnishing then with convenience."

Source - The "Letter Book" copy in the "Washington Papers."  A press copy of the draft, in Jefferson's writing, is in the "Jefferson Papers" in the Library of Congress.


Rittenhouse recommended to Washington, who resided on the south side of Market Street, below Sixth, that an old distillery of Michael Shubert, located on lots now known as Nos. 37 and 39 North Seventh Street and 631 Filbert Street, be purchased for the use of the Mint.  Washington approved of the purchase as recommended by Rittenhouse, under the date of July 9, 1792.

Source - Stewart, Frank H., "George Washington And The First U.S. Mint".  The Numismatist, April, 1925.

July 18, 1792

Frederick Hailer and Christiana his wife agreed on this date to rent to the U.S. Government two lots (one, 36.10 by 99, the other 17 by 56.10, bounded westward by a four foot alley or passage. Ground rent on the two lots was to be 21 Spanish silver pieces of eight each weighing 17 dwts and 6 grs., or value thus in lawful money under Pennsylvania law.

Record Group 104, Entry 1 in the National Archives


While it is not ordinarily remembered, except by historians and perhaps a few numismatists, the date of July 18, 1792 marks the birth of our Philadelphia Mint. Tradition has it that owing to a lack of bullion, the first coins to be struck at the Mint - silver half dimes - were wrought from sterling teaspoons donated by President Washington. It is said that, a year later, Washington contributed "an excellent copper tea-kettle as well as two pair of tongs" to begin the manufacture of cents and half cents.

Don Taxay, Counterfeit, Mis-Struck, and Unofficial U.S. Coins (New York, Arco Publishing Company, 1963)


The property was paid for and deeded to the United States of America for a consideration of $4266.67 on July 18, 1792. The money for the Mint was the first money appropriated by Congress for a building to be used for a public purpose.

Stewart, Frank H. "George Washington and the First U.S. Mint". The Numimatist, April, 1925.


Warrant No. 1  Frederick Hailer, for the lot and buildings for the Mint $4,266.67

Source - Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse, National Archives

July 30, 1792

Warrant No. 2  Henry Voigt, to pay workmen - $170.21

Source - Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse, National Archives

July 31, 1792

This day, about 10 o’clock in the forenoon, the foundation-stone was laid for the Mint, by David Rittenhouse, Esq.

Sylvester Sage Crosby, The United States Coinage of 1793. -- Cents and Half Cents. (Boston: Published by the author, 1897)


An old still-house, which stood on the lot, had first to be removed. In an account book of that time we find an entry on the 31st of July, 1792, of the sale of some old materials of the still-house for seven shillings and sixpence, which "Mr. Rittenhouse directed should be laid out for punch in laying the foundation stone."

George C. Evans, Source: History of the United States Mint and Coinage (Philadelphia: Published by the author, 1891)

(A foundation stone is a stone that is part of the foundation of a building or a cornerstone - Webster’s New World Dictionary 1955)

August 4, 1792

Warrant No. 3. Christopher Hart, for 92 3/4 perches of stone for the new building $86.56

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

(A perch is a cubic measure of stone, usually equal to 24 3/4 cubic feet - Webster’s New World Dictionary 1955)

August 13, 1792

Warrant No. 4. Henry Voigt, to pay workmen $200

Warrant No. 5. John Nancarrow, for 28 loads of clay for fire bricks $112

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

August 24, 1792

Warrant No. 6. Josiah Gaskill, for scantling $52.72

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

(Scantling: "a small beam or timber, especially one of small cross-section, as a 2x4" - Webster’s New World Dictionary 1955)

August 25, 1792

The foundation was completed and ready for the superstructure on Saturday the 25th of August following, and the framework was raised in the afternoon of that day.

Sylvester Sage Crosby, The United States Coinage of 1793. -- Cents and Half Cents. (Boston: Published by the author, 1897)

August 29, 1792

Warrant No. 7. John Harper, for cutting, presses, castings $217.85

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

September 1, 1792

Warrant No. 8. Wm. Dixey, pump maker, for work $36.31

Warrant No. 9. Henry Voigt, to pay workmen $200.00

Warrant No. 10. John Harper $34.42

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

September 7, 1792

"The work was rapidly pushed forward after this date, and the building was so far completed that the workmen commenced operations 'in the shop' preparing the internal arrangements, such as bellows, furnaces, etc., on Friday the seventh of September.

Source - Sylvester Sage Crosby, The United States Coinage of 1793. -- Cents and Half Cents.  (Boston: Published by the author, 1897)

Analysis - Crosby makes a minor error in that the 7th of September was a Saturday, not a Friday.

September 11, 1792

Warrant No. 11. Potts and Hobart, 2,781 lbs. of wrought iron, double refined $238.49

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse


"On the Tuesday following (September 7), six pounds of old copper were purchased for the Mint, at 1s 3d per pound; this being the first purchase of copper for coining."

Sylvester Sage Crosby, The United States Coinage of 1793. -- Cents and Half Cents. (Boston: Published by the author, 1897)

September 21, 1792

Two of these (presses) had arrived from England on September 21, 1792, supposedly from the Boulton and Watt Mint at Soho near Birmingham, where Droz was employed.

Dr. William H. Sheldon, Penny Whimsy (New York, Harper Brothers, 1958)


The coining presses (three in number) which they were obliged to import from abroad, arrived at the Mint on Friday, the 21st of September, . . .

Sylvester Sage Crosby, The United States Coinage of 1793. -- Cents and Half Cents. (Boston: Published by the author, 1897)

September 25, 1792

" . . .Flute began after breakfast, trimming the heavy press."

Sylvester Sage Crosby, The United States Coinage of 1793. -- Cents and Half Cents. (Boston: Published by the author, 1897)

September 26, 1792

Warrant No. 13. John Butler, for patterns for casting $47.75

Warrant No. 14. Jacob Craft, for smith work $70.16

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

October 1792

Interesting proposal for incuse designs on United States coins

-- "Thoughts on Coinage", The American Museum of Universal Magazine, October 1792, Volume 12, No. 4, pp. 203-204

In this fourth annual address to Congress, in October, 1792 . . . . .

Stewart, Frank H. "George Washington and the First U.S. Mint". The Numismatist, April, 1925


"These presses were put into operation in the beginning of October, and were used for striking the half dimes of which Washington makes mention in his Annual Address to Congress on the 6th of November, 1792 . ."

Sylvester Sage Crosby, The United States Coinage of 1793. -- Cents and Half Cents. (Boston: Published by the author, 1897)

October 2, 1792

Warrant No. 12. Edward Simmons, for scantling $30.60

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

October 3, 1792

Warrant No. 15. Henry Voigt, for expenses of Mint $400.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

October 10, 1792

Warrant No. 16. John Gullen, for stone sill and window heads $21.65

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

October 16, 1792

Warrant No. 17. James and Shoemaker, 1451 lbs. of copper and 140 lb. of lead $368.97

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

October 20, 1792

To: The Secretary of State
From: George Washington, President

"The letters of Gouvr. Morris give a gloomy picture of the Affairs of France. I fear with too much truth.

If the order of the Senate dated the 7th of the last May is completed, it must be with all offices except the Judges.

The Post Office (as a branch of Revenue) was annexed to the Treasury in the time of Mr. Osgood; and when Colo. Pickering was appointed thereto, he was informed, as I find by my letter to him dated the 29th of August 1791, that he was to consider it in that light. If from relationship, or usage in similar cases (for I have made no enquiry into the matter, having been closely employed since you mentioned the thing to me, in reading papers from the War Office) the Mint does not appertain to the Department of the Treasury, I am more inclined to add it to that of State than to multiply the duties of the other.

P.S. The letters of Mr. Seagrove to Genl. Know are a contin., of the evidence of Spanish interference with the Southern Indians."

October 24, 1792

Warrant No. 18. David Ridgway, 109,150 bricks at 35s, and 2,070 fire bricks $553.25

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

October 25, 1792

Warrant No. 19.  John Coulston, 794 bushels lime $158.80

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

November 6, 1792

An excerpt from George Washington’s Address to the Congress

"In the execution of the Authority given by the legislature, measures have been taken for engaging some artists from abroad to aid in the Establishment of our Mint, others have been employed at home. Provision has been made for the requisite buildings, and these are now being put into proper condition for the purposes of the establishment. There has also been a small beginning of half-dimes; the want of small coins in circulation calling the first attention to them."

November 7, 1792

Warrant No. 20. David Ridgway, 7367 fire bricks $44.50

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

November 12, 1792

Warrant No. 21. John Rutter & Co., sundry iron castings $221.60

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

November 22, 1792

Warrant No. 22. Daniel Clawges, painting and glazing $40.66

Warrant No. 24. Henry Voigt, for sundry parcels of copper purchased by him $269.86

Warrant No. 25. Henry Voigt, to pay workmen at the Mint $277.27

Warrant No. 26. Isaac Hough, clerk, for his services to November 12th $38.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

November 23, 1792

Warrant No. 23. Henry Voigt, to pay workmen, and cash paid by him for materials $580.60

Warrant No. 27. George Young, 24 loads of building sand $16.00

Warrant No. 28. Japhet Ireland, for 60 bus. charcoal $6.60

Warrant No. 32. George Wecherley, for brass castings $8.80

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

November 24, 1792

Warrant No. 29. Frederick Stall, for ropes $2.26

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

November 26, 1792

Warrant No. 30. John West, for boards and scantling $580.00

Warrant No. 31. Gustavus and Hugh Colhoun, for 4140 lbs. copper at 25 cents $1057.24

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

November 29, 1792

To: The Secretary of Treasury
From: George Washington, President

"It having been represented by the Director of the Mint, that the late rise in the price of copper, and the difficulty of obtaining it, render it improbable that the quantity authorized to be procured can be had, unless some part of it be imported by the United States; it is therefore thought proper that measures should be taken to obtain a quantity from Europe on the public account; and as it is estimated that the sum of Ten thousand dollars will be necessary for this purpose, you are hereby requested, if consistent with the arrangements of the Treasury, to have a bill for the above sum drawn on the Bankers of the United States in Holland, payable to Mr. Pinckney our Minister in Great Britain."

(On. Nov. 29, Lear, by the President’s command, informed Jefferson of this letter and added: "The President, however, suggests that it would not perhaps be the best to confine Mr. Pinckney strictly to Sweden for the purchase of the copper, but to leave it to his discretion to obtain it where it can be had on the most advantageous terms, after calling his attention to Sweden, for the reason mentioned in this letter from the Director of the Mint to the Secretary of the State". Lear’s letter is in the Jefferson Papers in the Library of Congress.

On December 30, Washington approved the letter from Jefferson to Pinckney of that date "but after mentioning Sweden as the country most likely to obtain copper from, I think it would be better not to confine him to the purchase there". This approval is in the Jefferson Papers as is also a press copy of Jefferson’s letter to Pinckney of December 30.)

December 6, 1792

Warrant No. 33. Allman & Guy, bricklayers. $529.05

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

December 8, 1792

Warrant No. 34. David Ridgway, for bricks $41.46

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

December 12, 1792

Warrant No. 35. Daniel Dawson, for large screw and smith’s bellows $66.22

Warrant No. 37. George Ludlam, 500 lbs. bar lead $33.33

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

December 14, 1792

Warrant No. 36. Adam Eckfeldt, for smith work $194.85

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

December 16, 1792

Warrant No. 40. Jacob Hansell, for a ten plate stove $18.63

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

December 17, 1792

Warrant No. 39. Jacob Herneiser, for hauling earth, etc. $5.55

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse


"After a search I found at the present Philadelphia Mint account book No.2 of Henry Voigt, the first chief coiner. On December 17, 1792, he wrote in this small memoranda book: "Struck off a few pieces of copper coins."

Stewart, Frank H. "George Washington and the First U.S. Mint". The Numismatist, April, 1925; Sylvester Sage Crosby, The United States Coinage of 1793. -- Cents and Half Cents. (Boston: Published by the author, 1897)

December 18, 1792

Warrant No. 38. Amos Subers, for black lead, muffles and pots $34.40

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse


". . . a letter in the archives of the Department of State at Washington that for-ever settled the matter, in my mind at least. The letter was sent by Jefferson to Washington the very next day after Voigt had made his memorandum. It said: "Thomas Jefferson has the honor of sending the President two cents made on Voigt’s plan by putting a silver plug worth three-quarters of a cent into a copper worth one-quarter of a cent. Mr. Rittenhouse is about to make a few by mixing the same plug by fusion with the same quantity of copper. He will then make one of copper alone of the same size, and lastly he will make the real cent as ordered by Congress four times as big."

Stewart, Frank H. "George Washington and the First U.S. Mint". The Numismatist, April, 1925

December 31, 1792

Warrant No. 41. Tristam Dalton, Treasurer, salary from June 1st to December 31, 1793 $700.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

1793

by Ron Guth

Warrant No. 42. Henry Voigt, Chief Coiner, June 1st to December 31st $875.00

Warrant No. 49. Micajah Dobbins, 225 bushels charcoal $24.75

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

January 3, 1793

Warrant No. 43. Thomas Town, for millwright work $285.75

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

January 7, 1793

Warrant No. 50. David Ott, for assaying coins at the Mint and expenses $24.17

Warrant No. 51. Abraham Roberts, carpenter work $32.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

January 8, 1793

Warrant No. 44. Henry Voigt, cash paid to workmen and sundry expenses $102.15

Warrant No. 45. Tristam Dalton, Treasurer, incidental expenses to his office $83.99

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

January 10, 1793

Warrant No. 46. Isaac Hough, clerk, November 13th to December 31, 1792 $41.88

Warrant No. 47. Edward Simmons, boards, planks, and scantling $55.29

Warrant No. 48. Isaac Hough, for 300 bu. coals and 16 bu. lime $36.20

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

January 14, 1793

Warrant No. 52. Baltis Clymer, for hauling sand, hay, etc., and $60.00 for a horse $95.33

Warrant No. 54. Henry Voigt, to pay workmen employed at the Mint $47.55

Warrant No. 53. Joseph Skerrit, smiths work $62.08

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse


The Cent was originally ordered to weigh 264 grains; the Half Cent in proportion; but on January 14, 1793, the weight of the Cent was reduced to 208 grains, and that of the Half Cent in the same ratio, to which weights the coins of that year closely approximate, the Cents ranging from 200 to 212 and the Half Cent from 100 to 106 grains.

Sylvester Sage Crosby, The United States Coinage of 1793. -- Cents and Half Cents. (Boston: Published by the author, 1897)

January 16, 1793

Warrant No. 55. Daniel Warmsley, for black lead pots $6.63

Warrant No. 56. Harrison and McGee, for scantling and cartage $14.95

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

January 18, 1793

Warrant No. 57. Daniel Clawges, for painting and glazing $51.47

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

January 19, 1793

Warrant No. 58. Henry Voigt, cash paid workmen $55.50

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

January 21, 1793

Warrant No. 59. Henry Wiesbrod, load of hay $16.41

Warrant No. 60. Andrew Douglass, iron stoves, sheet iron, etc. $59.18

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

January 22, 1793

Warrant No. 61. John Dunlap, for printing advertisements $10.90

Warrant No. 62. George Wescott, for block tin $9.50

Warrant No. 63. Bartting & Powell, for carpenters’ work and disbursements $651.44

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

January 23, 1793

Warrant No. 64. Caled Lownes, for cast iron, bar iron, and steel $201.90

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

January 25, 1793

Warrant No. 66. John Butler, for patterns for castings $14.75

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

January 26, 1793

Warrant No. 65. Henry Voigt, to pay workmen at the Mint $59.93

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

January 28, 1793

Warrant No. 67. Benjamin F. Bache, for publishing advertisements $16.13

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

Benjamin Franklin Bache (1769-1798) was the son of Richard Bache and the grandson of Benjamin Franklin.  Born in Philadelphia, he became a journalist and founded the General Advertiser (which later became the Aurora) in Philadelphia in 1790.  He was arrested under the Sedition Act for his vehement denunciations of the Federalists and died on 1798 of the Yellow Fever, shortly after being released from prison (Source - The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, 2001)

February 2, 1793

Warrant No. 69. Jacob Esler, for nails, brads, etc. $43.82

Warrant No. 70. Henry Voigt, to pay workmen $58.57

Warrant No. 72. Richard Guy and Lawrence Allman, for bricklayers’ work $89.07

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

February 7, 1793

Warrant No. 68. Wayne and Shepherd, for oak scantling $9.44

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

February 8, 1793

Warrant No. 71. Henry Voigt, to pay workmen $61.83

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

February 13, 1793

Warrant in favor of Peter Cress, harness $14.78

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

February 14, 1793

Warrant in favor of John Wercherer, for a horse $60.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

February 20, 1793

Warrant in favor of Jacob Frank, for a nest of Troy weights $7.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

March 1, 1793

Voigt to Treasurer - 11, 170


Warrant in favor of Daniel King for 46 lb. 10 oz. copper at 20 cents $10.34

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse


The first regular return of coins from the chief coiner to the treasurer of the Mint took place on the 1st of March , 1793, and consisted of eleven thousand one hundred and seventy-eight cents.

Sylvester Sage Crosby, The United States Coinage of 1793. -- Cents and Half Cents. (Boston: Published by the author, 1897)

March 2, 1793

Voigt to Treasurer - 2,009 cents

March 4, 1793

Voigt to Dalton - 4,000 cents

March 5, 1793

Voigt to Dalton - 3,765 cents


Warrant in favor of Wm. Zane, for 746 lbs. copper $174.07

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

March 6, 1793

Voigt to Dalton - 1,573 cents


Warrant in favor of Daniel King, 188 lbs. copper $39.69

Warrant in favor of Ogden & Smith, 23 cast iron weights $43.67

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

March 7, 1793

Warrants in favor of Thomas Roads, pair of working oxen $60.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

March 8, 1793

Voigt to Dalton - 7,000 cents


Memorandum of agreement entered into between Thomas Pinckney, Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States of America at the court of Great Britain and Albion Cox of London.

The said Thomas Pinckney hereby promises and agrees that the said Albion Cox shall be appointed Assayer of the Mint of the United States of America and shall enjoy all the rights, privileges, and emoluments annexed to the said office by virtue of the Acts of Congress of the said United States; his appointment to be dated from the time of his leaving London on his way to America and to continue for three years. And the said Albion Cox hereby promises and agrees that he will faithfully discharge and perform all the duties specified in the said Acts as Assayer and in general all the duties usually performed by that Officer and that he will follow such directions as he may from time to time receive by order of the President of the United States or the Director of the Mint and give such security for the due performance of the duties of his office as is by law required and that he will instruct in the art and business of Assayer such persons as may be put under him for that purpose by the authority of the aforesaid. And it is hereby further agreed by the said parties that in case the President of the United States of America shall not approve the appointment of the said Albion Cox as the Assayer to the Mint of the United States this agreement shall be null and void otherwise it shall remain in full force and virtue. In witness whereof the said parties to these presents have hereunto set their hands and seals at London this eighth day of March one thousand seven hundred and ninety three

Signed

Albion Cox
Thomas Pinckney


Received 8 March, 1793 from Thomas Pickney, Minister Plenipotentiary of the United State an order of Messrs. Bird, Savage & Bird for fifty pounds Sterling on account of salary and thirty-four pounds fifteen shillings for articles purchased for the mint as per accounts

(Signed)

Albion Cox

March 9, 1793

Voigt to Dalton - 1,000 cents


Warrant in favor of John Rutter & Co., iron castings $39.47

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

March 12, 1793

Voigt to Dalton - 5,570 cents


Extract of a letter from Mr. Pickney in London to the Secretary of State

Mr. Albion Cox having been recommended to me to fill the office of Assayer of our Mint I made all the requisite enquiries concerning the abilities and integrity and received a satisfactory account of both, etc. You will observe a clause in our agreement stipulating that it shall be void if not approved by the President. I enclose a copy of his receipt for the money furnished him in part of salary and for articles bought. He had been employed some time in procuring these articles and conceived his salary should commence the time in which he was so engaged.  Though I saw the equity of the proposal, yet being limited by my instructions I told him all I could do would be to state the matter to you.

(This letter was received Jan. 2, 1794)?

March 16, 1793

I now enclose you the Treasurer’s record of exchange for twenty-four thousand seven hundred and fifty guilders, to be employed for the purchase of copper for the Mint, from Sweden, or wherever else it can be got on the best terms, the first of exchange having been enclosed in my letter of December the 30th

- A letter from Thomas Jefferson to Mr. Pinckney in Europe

Sylvester Sage Crosby, The United States Coinage of 1793. -- Cents and Half Cents. (Boston: Published by the author, 1897)

March 27, 1793

Warrant in favor of Isaac Miller, spirits, sweet oil, and candles $200.00

Warrant in favor of Christopher Hart, building stone $22.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

March 28, 1793

Warrant in favor of Conrad Bartling, carpenter work $17.05

Warrant in favor of Samuel Briggs, repairing the pump $12.43

Warrant in favor of Isaac Hough, clerk of expenditures, three months’ pay $100.00

Warrant in favor of David Rittenhouse, nine months salary $1500.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

March 30, 1793

Warrant in favor of Godfrey Zeppernio, 60 lbs. candles $6.70

Warrant in favor of Richard Relfe, clerk to Treasurer, three months salary $125.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

April 4, 1793

Warrant in favor of Mary Jones, 59 1/2 lbs. copper, cock metal and lead $9.03

Source - Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

April 8, 1793

Warrant in favor of Thomas Bradley, coppersmiths work $89.60

Source - Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

April 9, 1793

Voigt to Dalton - 12,000 Cents

April 10, 1793

Voigt to Dalton - 6,000 Cents

April 13, 1793

Voigt to Dalton - 6,112 Cents

April 16, 1793

Voigt to Dalton - 8,000 Cents

April 17, 1793

Voigt to Dalton - 7,000 Cents

April 19, 1793

Voigt to Dalton - 4,240 Cents

May 1, 1793

Warrant in favor of Ebenezer Hazard, 6,378 ft. scantling $76.17

Warrant in favor of Caleb Lownes, bar iron, sheet iron, steel, etc. $124.18

-- Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

May 7, 1793

Warrant in favor of Daniel Dawson, large beam scale $32.50

-- Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

May 17, 1793

Warrant in favor of Watson & Greenleaf, 11294 lbs. copper $2,615.96

-- Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

May 31, 1793

Warrant in favor of Thomas Leiper, 37 feet curb stone $18.50

Warrant in favor of David Ridgway, 500 salmon bricks, 500 common bricks, 1500 paving bricks $14.83

-- Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

June 13, 1793

Warrant in favor of Henry Voigt, 30 gals. spirits bought of John Wilson $30.00

-- Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

June 29, 1793

Warrant in favor of Henry Voigt, 45 1/2 lbs. copper and expenses $34.82

Warrant in favor of Jacob Miller, spirits, sweet oil, and alum $34.52

Warrant in favor of Henry Voigt, cash paid John Wilson for 37 1/4 gals. spirits $37.25

Warrant in favor of Joseph Wilde, millwright, 51 days work $102.00

Warrant in favor of Henry Voigt, cash paid for several articles since April 2nd $105.27

-- Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

July 2, 1793

Warrant in favor of Comfort Sands, charges for storage of copper (nails) at New York $111.80

-- Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

July 4, 1793

Warrant in favor of David Ridgway, 1875 paving bricks $13.09

-- Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

July 6, 1793

Voigt to Dalton - 11,825

July 8, 1793

Warrant in favor of Howell & Taylor, 120 bushels stone coal $38.00

-- Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

July 15, 1793

Warrant in favor of Daniel Clawges, painting at the Mint $32.80

-- Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

July 17, 1793

Voigt to Dalton - 176 cents

July 20, 1793

Voigt to Dalton - 7000 half cents

Warrant in favor of Christopher Hart, 11 1/2 perches of stone for the new furnace $12.78

Warrant in favor of Jacob Craft, a punching machine for the die sinker $24.67

-- Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

July 26, 1793

Voigt to Dalton - 24,934 1/2 cents

July 30, 1793

Warrant in favor of Matthew Conary, for paving the Mint $14.17

-- Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

August 1, 1793

Warrant in favor of Ferdinand Gourdon, 2434 lbs/ of wrought copper @ 25 cents $608.50

(This entry ties in July 2, 1973 charge by Comfort Sands)

-- Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

August 28, 1793

Warrant in favor of John Keyser, 64 gals. spirits $64.00

-- Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

September 18, 1793

Voigt to Dalton - 12,7 Cents

Warrant in favor of ?, bricks for new furnace $118.95

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

Warrant in favor of ?, 204 lbs. sheet lead, cast steel and Swedish iron $18.13

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

Robert Scot received his appointment as the first Engraver of Mint, November 23, 1793.

Reference # 5

November 25, 1793

Warrant in favor of Albion Cox, to pay laborers employed at the new furnace $94.12

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

December 2, 1793

Warrant in favor of Bartholomew Saragin, 1659 lb. copper @ 16 cents $239.88

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

December 13, 1793

Warrant in favor of Adam Wagner, hauling sheet copper $13.25

Warrant in favor of Mary Keyser, stove $12.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

December 14, 1793

Warrant in favor of Frederick Guyer for 29 1/2 days work cutting setters(?) $29.50

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

December 16, 1793

Warrant in favor of John Clement Storker for 11148 lbs. old copper $1742.66

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

December 23, 1793

Warrant in favor of Josiah Adams & Co. for freight of nine cases of copper per Ship Mohawk $19.84

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

December 31, 1793

Paid to Henry Voigt for hauling (?) copper to Mint and freight from New York $19.75

--Entry on worksheet showing copper purchased for the U.S. Mint from October 16, 1792 to December 31, 1798

Warning! - The following information is awaiting editing and proofreading!

Saturday, June 1, 1793

[(Warwick Lamange, Flude, Ryon-(drawing copper), Schreiner, Sinderling, Ward)]

Bay-cutting punches

Sumers & Zolinger-Labourers

Paid Tho. Warwick in full to the 25th May

Jna. Schreiner

Lewis Lamange

Nick Sinderling

Jna. Ward

Thos. Flude

Pat Ryon

Daniel Gerard

Jacob Bay

Mat. Sumers

Jna. Zolinger

Recd. a Check of the Director for

Doll      Cts.

8          62

6          --

4          98

6          --

6          38

5          75

5          75

3          60

6          --

4           2

4           2

20

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Monday, June 3, 1793

Warwick

Schreiner

Lamange       -cutting Copper

Sinderling

Ward

Flude

Ryon

Bay-cutting Punches

Sumers& Zolinger-Labourers

Paid for 2 lb. of Emory at 20 Cts.

for a Knob Lock for the office door

Jos. Hanacom for sawing wood

Doll       Cts.

           --          40

1            7

1           67

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196.

Tuesday June 4, 1793

Warwick

Schreiner

Lamange   -in the shop, rolling Copper

Ward

Ryon

Flude

 Bay-cutting Punches

Sumers & Zollinger-Labourers

Paid Jacob Kennard for handles

Paid for a black lead coucible

Doll     Cts.

1         24

     --        31

 

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Wednesday June 5, 1793

Warwick

Schreiner

Lamange  -in the shop

Sinderling

Ward

Ryon

Flude &

Gerard  --at work at Copper

Bay-cutting Punches drunk-to be fined

Sumers & Zolinger-Labourers

Paid Porter for haling copper to the M.

Paid for 2 buf. salt at 3/6

Doll        Cts.

           --           25

--           93

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Thursday,June 6, 1793

Warwick

Schreiner

Lamange   -in the shop

Sinderling

Ward

Ryon

Flude & Gerard-rolling Copper

Bay

Sumers& Zolinger-Labourers

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Fryday June 7, 1793

Warwick

Schreiner

Lamange   - in the shop

Sinderling

Ward

Ryon

Flude & Gerard-annealing copper

Bay

Sumers&Zolinger-Labourers

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196


Warrant in favor of John Murphy, 346 lbs. copper        $61.55

--Account of warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

Saturday, June 8, 1793

Warwick

Schreiner

Lamange   -in the shop

Sinderling

Ward

Ryon

Flude and Gerard-rolling copper

Bay

Sumers and Zolinger-Labourers

Paid for a pound of pearl ashes

Tho. Warwick in full to June 1

Jn. Schreiner  

Lewis Lamange  

Nick Sinderling

Jn. Ward       

Tho. Flude     

Pat Ryon       

Dan. Gerard    

Jacob Bay      

Mat. Sumers    

Jn. Zolinger   

Doll      Cts.

--         18

10         --

7          --

6          64

6          --

6          66

8          --

7          --

5          40

6          --

4          18

4          69

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104 , Number 196

Monday, June 10, 1793

Warwick

Schreiner

Lamange   --in the shop

Sinderling

Ward

Flude

Ryon

Bay -cutting Punches

Sumers& Zolinger-Labourers

-Personnel Record, National Archives. Record Group 104, Number 196

Tuesday June 11, 1793

Warwick

Schreiner

Lamange  --in the shop

Sinderling

Ward

Flude

Ryon

Bay-cutting Punches

Sumers& Zolinger-Labourers

-Personnel Records, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Wednesday, June 12, 1793

Warwick

Schreiner

Lamange  --in the shop

Sinderling

Ward

Flude

Ryon

Bay-cutting Punches

Sumers&Zolinger-Labourers

Paid Geo. Young for 3 loads of sand @4/6

Paid for 4 pounds of green vitriol(iron sulfate)

Doll     Cts.

1         80

    --        20

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Thursday June 13, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange(at copper),Sinderling, Ward(milling cts.), Flude(at copper-rolling), Ryon]-in the shop

Bat-cutting punches

Sumers& Zolinger-labourers

Paid Fred Hubley for 37 pounds of old copper at 20

Rec. of the treasurer a check for

Doll    Cts.

7        40

30       --

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Reyu}| Group 104, Number 196

Fryday June 14, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude(at copper work)Ryon,]-in the shop

Bay-cutting punches

Sumers& Zolinger-labourers

Paid Joesph Leech for haling wood

Ephaim Clark fir Sundries as per bill

James Holston for 8 1/4 pounds of copper at 17 cts.

Doll      Cts.

2         75

1         80

1         44

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Saturday, June 15, 1793

[Warwuck, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon]-in the shop

Bay-cutting punches

Sumers&Zolinger-labourers

Paid Tobias Sink for haling wood to the furnace

Paid Tho. Warwick in full to the 8th June

Jn. Schreiner

Lewis Lamange

Jn. Ward

Tho. Flude

Pat Ryon

Dan. Gerard

Jacob Bay

Mat Sumers

Jn. Zolinger

Doll     Cts.

1         75

9         --

6         --

4         98

6         66

6         --

6         --

4         50

6         --

4          2

4          2

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Monday June 17, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner(1/2 day), Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon]-in the shop

Bay-cutting punches

Sumers&Zolinger-labourers

Paid for bottles of oil @4/6

Doll     Cts.

1         20

-Personnel Record, National Archhives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Tuesday, June 18, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon, Lamange(cutting out cts.)]-in the shop

Bay-cutting punches

Sumers&Zolinger-labourers

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Wednesday, June 19, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange(cutting out cts.), Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon]-in the shop

Bay-(1/4 day)

Sumers&Zolinger

Paid for cat gut

for 10 pounds of lard  @ q d.

for a pad lock and oil

Doll      Cts.

                  --         20

1          --

--         39

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Thursday June 20, 1793

Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange(cutting out cents), Sinderling, Ward(milling cents), Flude

Ryon]-in the shop

Bay

Sumers&Zolinger-labourers

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Warrant in favor of John Keyser, draft horse    $20.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

Fryday(sic) June 21, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude(at copper-3 hours at night), Ryon(at copper-3 hours at night]-in the shop

Gerard-at copper

Bay

Sumers&Zolinger-labourers

Paid James Cottinger for 2 brushes

for screws and tacks

Doll      Cts.

1          50

 --         20

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Saturday June 22, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude(boiling copper), Ryon]-in the shop

Gerard(boiling copper)

Bay

Sumers&Zolinger-labourers

Paid for 4 pounds of candles at 1/0

Paid ferriage for Sumers, Bullock, and horse

Paid Tho. Warwick in full to the 15th  inst.

Jn.Schreiner 

Lewis Lamange

Nick Sinderling "

Jn. Ward     

Tho. Flude   

P. Ryon      

Jacob Bay    

Math. Sumers 

Jn. Zolinger 

Jn. Link for haling syderoyal

Doll       Cts.

--          53

--          13

9           --

6           --

4           98

6           --

6           66

6           --

6           --

6           66

4            2

4            2

0           33

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Monday June 24, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner,Lamange, Sindergling, Ward, Flude(cleaning copper), Ryon,Gerard(cleaning copper)]-in the shop

Bay-cutting punches

Sumers&Zolinger-labourers

Paid David Reeder for haling dirt

(Salve for the horses)

Dr. White  for 1 1/2 lb. of red bole @ 3/

for Honey, Vinegar, & Allum

paid for an eat thin Pott(sic)

Doll      Cts.

0--       

0--

0--

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Tuesday, June 25, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude (cleaning copper), Gerard (cleaning copper)]-in the shop

Bay-cutting punches

Sumers&Zolinger

Paid ferriage for Jna. Going to see the Cattle

C

7

-Personnel Record, NAtional Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

June 26, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon]-in the shop

Gerard-cleaning copper

Bay

Sumers

Zolinger

Paid for 6 nests of sand crucibles @3/16 of a Doll.

DOL    CTS

1       12

-Personnel Record,National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Warrant in favor of John Eisenbray, hogshead cider royal  $20.00

-Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

Thursday June 27, 1793

Warwick

Schreiner

Lamange

Sinderling

Ward

Flude-coining

Ryon

Gerard and Bay-coining

Sumers

Zolinger

-Personnel Record, National Archives,

Record Group 104, Number 196

Warrant in favor of Robert Gamble,475 bushels charcoal   $47.50

-Account of Warrants drwan by David Rittenhouse

Friday June 28, 1793

Voight to Dalton- 8,000 cents


[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Ryon]-in the shop

Flude, Gerard, and Bay-coining

Sumers&Zolinger-labourers

Paid N.D. Sellers for an iron sieve No. 5

Doll      Cts

1          67

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Warrant in favor of Phillip Wager, 18 1/2 gals. rum   $18.50

-Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

Saturday June 29, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling(1/2 day), Ward, Ryon]-in the shop

Flude, Gerard, Bay-coining

Sumers and Zolinger-labourers

Paid Joesph Hamacom for sawing wood

Paid Tho. Warwick in full to the 22 Inst.

Jn. Schreiner 

Lewis Lamamge 

Nick Sinderling  "

 Jna. Ward     

Thos. Flude   

Pat. Ryon     

Dan. Gerard   

Jacob Bay     

Math. Sumers  

Jna. Zolinger 

Doll         Cts.

2             40

9             --

5             50

4             98

6             --

6             66

6             --

6             --

 

5             50

4              2

4              2

Quarter closed

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Monday July 1, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange,Sinderling, Ward, Flude and Ryon-(1/2 the night)]in the shop

Gerard & Bay-coining

Sumers(3/4 the night)& Zolinger-labourers

Paid for 5 1/2 lb. of Spelter @1/4 1/2

Bob Birch in part for services

Doll      Cts.

1          0

2         25

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Tuesday, July 2, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange(all the night), Sinderling, Ward, Ryon(all the night)]-in the shop

Flude-casting copper-all night

Gerard-tending furnace

Bay-cutting punches

Sumers& Zolinger-Labourers

Paid Edward Bright for haling wood

for a bushel of Lime

Doll       Cts.

0           50

0           31

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Wednesday July 3, 1793

Warwick-3 hours at night

Schreiner

Lamange

Sinderling-3 hours at night

Ward

Ryon-3 hours at night

Flude &  --3/4 of the night

Gerard--casting copper

Bay-cutting punches

Sumer& Zolinger-labourers

Rec'd of the Treasurer a Check for   30 dollars

--Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Fryday(sic) July 5, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon, Gerard]-in the shop

Bay-drunk

Sumers-drunk

Zolinger

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Saturday July 6, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon]-in the shop

Bay-cutting punches

Sumers&Zolinger-labourers

Paid J&T Painter as per bill

Jn. Zolinger for ferriage

Paid Tho. Warwick in full to the 29th June

Jn. Schreiner 

Lewis Lamange 

Nick Sinderling  "

Jn. Ward      

Tho. Flude    

Pat Ryon      

Daniel Gerard 

Jacob Bay     

Matthew Sumers

Jn. Zolinger  

Doll     Cts.

4          5

     --         6

9         --

6         --

4         98

6         --

6         66

6         --

6         --

5         40

6         --

4          2

4          2

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Monday July 8, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon, Gerard]-in the shop

Bay-cutting Punches

Sumers&Zolinger-Labourers

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Tuesday July 9, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling,Ward, Flude(at copper), Ryon]-in the shop

Gerard @3/4 day copper

Bay

Sumers

Zolinger

Paid Fred Smith for 2 loads of sand

Sam Smith for haling bar iron from Caleb Lowries(?)

Alexander Rain for 1 1/2 lb [email protected]/5

Doll       Cts.

0           67

0           20

2           17

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Wednesday, July 10, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling,Ward, Ryon]-in the shop

Flude, Gerard-at copper

Bay

Sumers&Zolinger-Labourers

Paid for a brush

Rec'd of the Treasurer a Check for

Paid Amos Subers for muffles

for a pint of oil

for two hundred sprigs

Doll     Cts.

--        50

17        33

17        33

--         6

--        15

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record, Group 104, Number 196

Thursday July 11, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon]-in the shop

Bay

Gerard

Sumers&Zolinger-Labourers

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Saturday July 13, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon, Gerard]-in the shop

Bay

Sumers

Zolinger

Paid Geo. Young for Sand

Tho. Warwick in full to the 6th July

Jn. Schreiner 

Lewis Lamange 

Nick Sinderling  "

Jn. Ward      

Tho. Flude    

Pat Ryon'     

Daniel Gerard 

Jacob Bay     

Mat. Sumers   

Jn. Zolinger  

Doll     Cts.

3         --

7         75

5         --

5         19

5         --

5         50

7         25

6         75

3         60

5         --

3         85

3         35

Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Monday, July 15, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon]-in the shop

Bay-cutting Punches

Sumers&Zolinger-labourers

Paid Jn. Zolinger ferriage

for 2 bushels of salt @3/6

Doll     Cts.

   --       10

--       93

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Tuesday July 16, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner,mLamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon, Gerard]-in the shop

Bay

Sumers

Zolinger

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Wednesday, July 17, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon, Gerard(3/4 day)]-in the shop

Bay

Zolinger

Sumers

Paid Jos. Wilde for 5 Days Labour at Millwrights weights work at the mint in full

Paid for 10 lb of lard at 10cts

Doll

10

1

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Thursday, July 18, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, (Flude, Ryon, Gerard)-coining]-in the shop

Bay-cutting punches

Sumers&Zolinger-labourers

Paid for a ream of wrapping paper

Doll

1

-Personnel Record , National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196.

Fryday(sic) July 19, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange,

 Sinderling, Ward, Ryon]-in the shop

Flude & Gerard-coining 1/2 cents

Bay

Sumers

Zolinger

Paid James Cooper for haling copper

for 3 lbs. of chalk

Doll        Cts

1            0

--           13

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Saturday July 20, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon, Gerard]-in the shop

Bay

Sumers-1/2 day

Zolinger

Paid Poultney & Wistar

Jacob Bird freight for copper

Bob Birch on acct.

Tho. Warwick in full to th 13th July

Jn. Schreiner

Lewis Lamange

Nick Sinderling "

Jn. Ward     

Tho. Flude   

Pat. Ryon    

Daniel Gerard

Jacob Bay    

Mat. Sumers  

Jn. Zolinger 

Doll     Cts.

1         68

4          0

1         --

9         --

6         --

4         98

6         --

6         60

6         --

6         --

5         40

6         --

4          2

4          2

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196.

Monday July 22, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Ryon]-in the shop

Flude&Gerard-coining

SUmers&Zolinger-Labourers

Paid ferriage for the hostler  8 cts.

for a bushel of salt         43 cts.

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Tuesday, July 23, 1793

[Warwick,Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Ryon]-in the shop

Flude&Gerard-coining 1/2 cts.

Bay

Sumers

Zolinger

Paid for 3 lbs. nails for Millwrights @ 27 cts.

for 12 lbs. pearl ashes & 4 lb. Litherage

for a flux for Mr. Cox

Doll   Cts.

--      81

2       --

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196.

Wednesday July 24, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange,Sinderling, Ward, Flude(coining 1/2 cts.),Ryon]in the shop

Gerard-coining 1/2 cts.

Bay

Sumers

Zolinger

Paid for 4lbs. of nails for millwrights @11 d.  50 cts.

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Thursday, July 25, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Ryon]-in the shop

Flude&Gerard-Coining 1/2 cts.

Bay

Sumers

Zolinger

Paid for 2 bush. salt @ 3/4     89cts.

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, NUmber 196

Fryday(sic) July 26, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon]-in the shop

Gerard-1/2 day

Bay

Sumers&Zolinger-Labourers

Rec'd. of the Treasurer a Check for-- 30 Doll.

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196.

July 26, 1793

Voight to Dalton-24,934 1/2 Cents

Saturday July 27, 1793

[Warwick, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon]-in the shop

Bay

Sumers

Zolinger

Paid for antimony & hostlers ferriage

Paid Tho.

warwi

 in full to th

 20th July

Jn. Schreiner

Lewis Lamange

Nick Si

derling

"

J> WRD     

Tho. Flude   

Pat Ryon     

Daniel Gerard  

Jacob BY

Mat. Sumers  

Jn. Zolinger 

Doll    Cts.

--       47

9        --

6        --

4        98

6        --

6        60

6        --

6        --

4        27

6        --

3        68

4         2

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196.

Monday, July 29, 1793

[Warwick, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon]-in the shop

Bay

Sumers&Zolinger-Labourers

Paid for a Funnel        25 cents

for small file for Bay   75

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Numer 196.

Tuesday July 30, 1793

[Warwick,Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon, Gerard]-in the shop

Bay

Sumers&Zolinger-Labourers

Paid for 3 bottles sweet oil @50

for four bush. lime @2/2

Paid Adam Wagner by the hands  of Jn.Link for haling copper

Doll     Cts.

1         50

1         14

1         50

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196.

July 30, 1793

Warrant in favor of Matthew Conary, for paving the Mint  $14.17

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

Wednesday July 31, 1793

[Warwick, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon, Gerard]-in the shop

Bay-cutting Punches

Sumers&Zolinger-Labourers

Paid Hugh Robinson for sawing wood

Doll    Cts.

10       77

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 194, Number 196

Thursday August 1, 1793

[Warwick, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon, Gerard]-in the shop

Bay

Sumers&Zolinger-Labourers

Paid Henry Hinkle for 38 bus. Lime

for the new furnace @ 2/0

for 10 lb. of Lard @ 12 cts.

Fred Stall for a rope

Rec'd a check of the Treasurer for

Doll   Cts.

10      13

1       20

--      73

50      00

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

August 1, 1793

Warrant in favor of Ferdinand Gourdon, 2434 lbs. of wrought copper @ 25cts. -$608.50

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenouse

This entry ties into the July 2, 1793 charge by Comfort Sands

Fryday(sic) August 2, 1793

[Warwick, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon, Gerard]-in the shop

Sumers&Zolinger-Labourers

-Personnel Record,National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Saturday August 3, 1793

[Warwick, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon, Gerard, Bay]-in the shop

Sumers&Zolinger-Labourers

Paid Geo. Young for four loads of sand @ 4/6

Paid Hostler's ferriage

Tho. Warwick in full to the 27th July

Jn. Schreiner 

Lewis Lamange 

Nick Sinderling  "

Jn. Ward      

Tho. Flude    

Pat. Ryon     

Dan. Gerard   

Jacob Bay     

Mathias Sumers

Jn. Zolinger  

Doll     Cts.

2         40

--        10

9         --

5         --

4         98

6         --

6         60

6         60

6         25

3         60

6         --

4          2

4          2

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Monday August 5, 1793

Warwick

Schreiner

Lamange--6 hours extra

Sinderling

Ward                --in the shop

Flude-6 hours extra

Ryon-6 hours extra

Gerard-2 hours extra

Sumers&                --Labourers

Zolinger-2 hours extra

Paid for 13 lbs. of Lard @ 1/2

for antimony for the horses

Doll      Cts.

2          2

--        13

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 194, Number 196

Tuesday August 6, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon, Gerard]-in the shop &cleaning copper

Sumers

Zolinger

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Wednesday August 7, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon, Gerard]-in the shop

Bay-till breakfast

Sumers         --Labourers

Zolinger-2 hours extra

Paid for 10 lbs. of emory @20. cts

for 8 lbs. of Lard @ 15 Cts.

Doll      Cts.

2          0

1         20

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number196.

Thursday August 8, 1793

Warwick

Schreiner

Lamange-1 hour extra

Sinderling

Ward                 --in the shop

Flude-3 hours extra

Ryon-2 hours extra

Gerard-2 hours extra

Sumers& Zolinger-Labourers

Paid for 24 1/4 lbs. of Lard @ 14 d.

for 2 bus. [email protected] 5/

Doll     Cts.

3         77

1         33

-Peronnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Fryday(sic) August  9, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon, Gerard]-in the shop

Sumers      -Labourers

Zolinger-2 hours extra

Paid Jn. Herkesymer for 10 bus [email protected] 2/

for the new furnace

Doll    Cts.

2        67

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Saturday August 10, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon, Gerard]-in the shop

Sumers         --Labourers

Zolinger-2 hours extra

Paid Bob Birch on acct.

Paid Tho. Warwick in full to the 3rd August

Lewis Lamange 

Nick Sinderling  "

Jn. Ward      

Tho. Flude    

Pat. Ryon     

Daniel Gerard 

Jacob Bay     

Mat. Sumers   

Jn. Zolinger  

Doll    Cts.

1         0

9         0

4        98

6        --

6        60

6        60

6        --

4        50

5        --

4         2

4         2

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Monday August 12, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling,Ward, Flude, Ryon, Gerard]-in the shop

Bay

Sumer&Zolinger-Labourers

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Tuesday August 13, 1793

Warwick

Schreiner

Lamange-2 hours extra

Sinderling              -in the shop

Flude-4 hours extra

Ryon

Gerard-2 hours extra

Fred Guyer began 1/2 day @ 100 cents per day

Bay

Zolinger-4 hours extra

Paid for 2 bush salt @67

Wm. Sheppard for 36 buf lime at 25

for the new furnace

Doll       Cts.

1           33

9           --

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

 Wednesday August 14, 1793

Warwick

Lamange

Sinderling

Flude-2 hours extra

Ryon

Gerard

Somers

Zolinger-2 hours extra

Schreiner-1/2 day

Guyer

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Thursday August 15, 1793

[Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon, Gerard, Guyer, Zolinger, Sumers]

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Fryday August 16, 1793

Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling,Ward, Flude, Ryon, Gerard, Guyer, Zolinger, Sumers

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Saturday August 17, 1793

Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon, Gerard, Guyer, Zolinger

Paid Bob Birch on account

  Herbot & Lex for vinegar

Jn. Harper for saws

Mattias Sumers for withs

Paid Tho. Warwick in full to the 10th August

Jn. Schreiner 

Lewis Lamange 

Nick Sinderling  "

Jn. Ward      

Tho. Flude    

Pat Ryon      

Dan. Gerard   

Jacob Bay     

Math. Sumers  

Jn.Zolinger   

Doll      Cts.

--         50

4          80

3          50

2          20

9          --

6          --

5          46

6          --

6          60

7          42

6          66

5          70

1          --

2          20

4          35

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Monday August 19, 1793

Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange,Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon, Gerard, Guyer, Sumers, Zolinger

Paid for cat gut and Sal. Amoniac  30 cts.

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Tuesday August 20, 1793

Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, [Flude, Ryon, Gerard]-2 hours extra, Guyer, Sumers, Zolinger

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Wednesday August 21, 1793

Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Ryon, Flude, Gerard, Guyer, Sumers, Zolinger

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Thursday August 22, 1793

Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange,Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon, Gerard, Guyer, Sumers, Zolinger

Paid for hooping a large tub

Peter Crefs for Sundres as per bill

for a mahogany rule

Bob Birch on afc. for medicine

Doll     Cts.

--        25

3         68

--        40

--        41

-Personnel Record, National Archives, cord Group 104, Number 196

Fryday August 23, 1793

Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon, Gerard, Guyer, Sumers, Zolinger

Paid Nick rope for a hand burrow

for  four pieces of square wire

Doll     Cts.

2          0

       --        25

-Personnel Record, National Archives, REcord Group 104, Number 196

Saturday August 24, 1793

Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon, Gerard, Guyer, Sumers,Zolinger

Rec'd of the Leaf a Check for

Paid Bob Birch on a/c for Medicine

Thos. Warwick in full to the 17th August

Jn. Schreiner

Lewis Lamange

Nick Sinderling "

Jn. Ward     

Tho Flude    

Pat Ryon     

Dan Gerard   

Fred Guyer   

Jacob Bay    

Math. Sumers 

Jn. Zolinger    

Doll    Cts.

50       00

--       59

9        00

5        50

5        12

6        00

5        50

7        15

6        --

5        55

4        50

2        --

2        68

4        35

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Monday August 26, 1793

Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Gerard, Ryon, Guyer, Sumers, Zolinger

Paid Wm. Martin for Planes

Math. Sumers for Fred Taxis for Basket

Imos Subers for 2 black lead potts

Doll     Cts.

2         0

1        73

2        78

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

 Tuesday August 27, 1793

Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Gerard, Ryon, Guyer, Sumers, Zolinger

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Wednesday August 28, 1793

Warwick

Schreiner-3/4 day

Lamange

Sinderling

Ward

Flude

Ryon

Gerard

Guyer

Sumers

Zolinger

Paid for Mr.David Rittenhouse ( Money advanced by him to Hugh for 40 bushels of Lime for new fair

Doll     Cts.

9         35

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

August 28, 1793

Warrant in favor of John Keyser, 64 gals. spirits  $64.00

--Accounts of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

Thursday  August 29, 1793

Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude, Ryon, Gerard, Guyer, Sumers, Zolinger

Paid for 3      and 4 candles

Doll       Cts.

1           25

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record roup 104, Number 196

Fryday August 30, 1793

Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Flude(1/2 day), Ryon, Gerard, Guyer, Sumers, Zolinger

Paid for 3 buf salt @ 3/4

Doll    Cts.

1        33

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104,Number 196

Saturday August 31, 1793

Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Ryon, Gerard, Guyer, Sumers, Zolinger

Paid Tho. Warwick in full to the 24th August

Jn. Schreiner  
Lewis Lamange  

Nick Sinderling

Jn. Ward       

Tho. Flude     

Pat Ryon     

Dan. Gerard  

Fred Guyer   

Math. Sumers 

Jn. Zolinger 

Doll     Cts.

9          0

6         --

4         98

6         --

6         60

6         78

6         16

5         55

6         --

4          2

4          2

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Monday  September 2, 1793

Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward(3/4), Ryon, Gerard(3/4), Guyer, Sumers, Zolinger

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Numer 196

September 2, 1793

Warrant in favor of Peter DeHaven, for pasturing horses $9.86

--Account of warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

Thursday  September 3, 1793

Warwick(1/4 day), Schreiner, Ward, Ryon(1/4 day), Guyer, Sumers,Zolinger

Paid for 4 lb. of Nails @ 11 d.

Doll      Cts.

--         50

-Personnel Record, National Archives, ecord Group 104, Number196

Wednesday, September 4, 1793

Warwick, Schreiner, Ward, Ryon, Gerard, Guyer, Sumers, Zolinger

Paid Hostler's ferriage  

Doll      Cts.

1          13

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Thursday September 5, 1793

Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling(3/4), Ward, Ryon, Guyer, Zolinger

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Fryday(sic) September 6, 1793

Warwick

Schreiner -3/4

Lamange

Sinderling-1/2

Ward

Ryon

Gerard-3/4

Guyer

Sumers

Zolinger

Rec'd of the Director's a Check for

Doll       Cts.

50         00

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Saturday September 7, 1793

Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Sinderling, Ward, Ryon, Gerard, Guyer, Sumers, Zolinger

Paid Tho. Warwick in full to the 31st August

Jn. Schreiner

Lewis Lamange

Sinderling   

Ward         

Flude        

Ryon         

Gerard       

Guyer        

Sumers       

Zolinger     

Doll    Cts.

9        0

5       75

4       98

6       --

6       60

3       85

6       --

5       40

6       --

4        2

4        2

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Monday September 9, 1793

Warwick,Schreiner(1/2 day), Lamange, Ward, Flude, Ryon, Gerard, Guyer, Sumers, Zolinger

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Tuesday September 10, 1793

Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Ward, Flude,Ryon, Gerard, Guyer, Sumers, Zolinger

-Personal Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Wednesday  September 11, 1793

Warwick, Schreiner(1/2 day), Lamange, Ward(1/2), Flude, Ryon, Gerard, Guyer, Sumers, Zolinger

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Fryday(sic) September 13, 1793

Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Flude, Ryon, Guyer, Sumers, Zolinger

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

 Saturday September 14, 1793

Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Flude, Ryon, Guyer, Sumers, Zolinger

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Monday September 16, 1793

Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Flude, Ryon, Guyer, Sumers, Zolinger

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Tuesday September 17, 1793

Warwick, Schreiner, Lamange, Flude, Ryon, Sumers, Zolinger

-Personnel Record,National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

Wednesday September 18, 1793

Warwick, Lamange(1/2),Ryon

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196


Voigt to Dalton-12, 756 Cents


Warrant in favor of ? , bricks for new furnace  $118.95

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

 

Thursday Sept. 19, 1793

Warwick, Schreiner

-Personnel Record, National Archives, Record Group 104, Number 196

November 13, 1793

Warrant in favor of ?, 204 lbs. sheert lead, cast steel and Swedish iron $18.13

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

November 23, 1793

Robert Scot received his appointment as the first Engraver of the Mint, November 23, 1793.

Reference #5

November 25, 1793

Warrant in favor of Albion Cox, to pay labourers employed at the new furnace  $94.12

-Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

December 2, 1793

Warrant in favor of Bartholomew Saragin, 1659 lb. copper @ 16 cents  $239.88

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

1794

by Ron Guth

January 4, 1794

Warrant in favor of Albion Cox, salary as Assayer, a balance due to September 30, 1793 (see April 22, 1794 entry) $749.75

Warrant in favor of Albion Cox, assayer, his pay in full to December 31, 1793 $375.00

Warrant in favor of Robert Scot, engraver, his pay in full to December 31, 1793 $125.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

January 11, 1794

Warrant in favor of Samuel Parker, brass founder, for a bell, weight 36 1/2 lbs. $17.82

(This bell sounded the meal hours by day and the watchman’s rounds by night) -- Stewart, p. 175

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

January 12, 1794

Voigt to Dalton 8,000 cents

January 13, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 11,000 cents

January 17, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 8,800 cents

January 24, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 8,000 cents

January 29, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 16,000 cents

January 31, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 8,000 cents

February 3, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 8,000 Cents

February 5, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 5,500 cents

February 10, 1794

Warrant in favor of Daniel Dawson, for large bellows $33.33

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

February 21, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 8,000 cents


Warrant in favor of Henry Voigt, cash paid by him for 24 weights of brass for the Mint $10.08

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

February 22, 1794

Voigt to Dalton 10,000 1/2 cents

16,000 cents

March 1, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 8,000 cents

March 3, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 8,000 cents


Warrant in favor of Frederick Heiss, for grinding three loads of bones for the assayer $7.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse


In 1794 Jefferson persuaded Congress to lessen the required securities for gold and silver (Act of March 3, 1794), and a few silver pieces were coined late in that year. No gold was coined until 1795.

Reference #4

March 4, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 24,000 cents

March 5, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 8,000 cents

March 7, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 8,000 cents

March 10, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 16,000 cents

March 11, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 16,000 Cents

March 13, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 8,000 cents

March 14, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 24,000 cents

March 17, 1794

Warrant in favor of Joseph Burden, 12 Windsor chairs @ 7 s. 6 d. $12.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

(one of these chairs still exists) -- Stewart, p. 175

March 19, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 16,000 cents

March 20, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 8,000 cents

March 21, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 17,000 cents

March 25, 1794

Warrant in favor of John Rutter & Co., 1 large press, weight 13 cwt. 25; 1 wheel, 1 cwt.; hauling to Philadelphia $69.06

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

March 26, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 24,000 cents

March 28, 1794

Voigt to Dalton - 15,000 cents

April 4, 1794

Albion Cox, first assayer of the Mint was appointed April 4, 1794.

Reference #5

April 19, 1794

Warrant in favor of William Garrigues in full for ground rent of the Mint lot to May 1, 1794 $38.50

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

(This was in accordance with the deed) --Stewart, p. 175.

April 22, 1794

Warrant in favor of Albion Cox, a balance due on his salary from February 28th to 30th of September, 1793 $222.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

April 23, 1794

Warrant in favor of Tristram Dalton, salary from the 1st inst. to 23rd, the date of his resignation $75.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse


Paid to Thomas Pinckney for copper $7568.00

--Entry on worksheet showing copper purchased by the Mint from October 16, 1792 to December 31, 1798

May 7, 1794

Warrant in favor of Robert Morris, for a load of hay, 26 cwt. 1 qr. $14.33

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

May 16, 1794

Warrant in favor of John Inskeep, for digging and walling a well at the furnace of the Mint, 29 feet deep $14.50

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

May 21, 1794

Warrant in favor of George Gray, 20 loads of isinglass sand $40.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

May 23, 1794

Warrant in favor of David & Richard Ridgway, 850 fire bricks, @ 7 s.; 4500 common bricks, hard, @45 $34.93

Warrant in favor of John Harper, for a pair of rollers and a large mortar for the Mint $21.33

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

May 28, 1794

Warrant in favor of Barney McCoy, 4 large precipitating bowls $18.67

Warrant in favor of ?, for hooping and pitching $6.73

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

June 3, 1794

Warrant in favor of Andrew Eisenhut, for 646 lbs. old copper $114.84

Warrant in favor of Caleb Emlen, for scantling, plank, etc. from May 27, 1793, to May, 1794, inclusive $38.01

Warrant in favor of Hannah Ogden, for a coining press $47.44

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

The Mint purchased the fourth (press) for $47.44 on June 3, 1794, from Mrs. Hannah Ogden, widow of Matthias Ogden, Revolutionary war hero and New Jersey coiner. This press had been in use first at the Rahway mint in 1786-88, and later at the Elizabethtown Mint (1789) where Ogden made overstrikes of Jersey cent dies upon all kinds of worn coppers, as Jersey coppers then passed at a higher rate than the rest.

--Reference 4

June 5, 1794

Warrant in favor of Baltis Clymer, for hauling bricks, March 9, 1793 to may 1, 1794 $46.80

Warrant in favor of John Wolf, 64 gallons spirits, at 7 s. 6 d. $64.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

June 9, 1794

The Secretary of State has the honor to enclose to the Director of the Mint some observations respecting copper received from Mr. Pinckney by the last vessel from London. Should Mr. Rittenhouse have anything to communicate on the subject, the Secretary will be happy to receive and transmit the same to Mr. Pinckney.

June 17, 1794

Warrant in favor of Frederick Riche, 18 days at sinking dies $18.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

June 18, 1794

Warrant in favor of Samuel Briggs, for new 36 ft. pump at the furnace $18.70

Warrant in favor of John Field & Son for freight of two parcels per Ship Pigon by Capt. Loxley, in 1793 $75.45

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

June 23, 1794

Warrant in favor of John Bringhurst, 4 sets of money scales and weights $34.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

June 24, 1794

Warrant in favor of Richard Guy, pulling down furnaces, arching covers about furnaces, building a wall about milling room, paving the room with iron plates, building four furnaces, repairing a boiler $44.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

June 28, 1794

Voigt to Way (Treasurer)

For quarter ending June 30, 1794

192,000 cents

48,000 - 1/2 cents

June 30, 1794

Warrant in favor of Isaac B. Childs, Clerk of the Treasury, 1 qr. salary $125.00

Warrant in favor of Nicholas Way, Treasurer, 1 1/3 months salary $133.33

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

July 18, 1794

The first deposit of silver bullion was made on July 18, 1794, by the Bank of Maryland. It consisted of "coins of France," amounting to $80,715.73 1/2.

--Reference 5

July 24, 1794

Warrant from David Rittenhouse in favor of John Grace fro 87 lbs. of copper as 16 cents. $15.46

September 6, 1794

Security Bond for Lodewyck Sharpe

"Know all men by these Presents that we, Jacob Sharpe and Jacob Sharpe, Jr. of the town of Brooklyn in Kings County, State of New York Esquires and Lodewyk Sharpe of the same place are held firmly bound unto Henry Voigt of the City of Philadelphia Esquire, Chief Coiner of the Mint of the United States in the sum of two thousand dollars to be paid said Henry Voigt or his certain attorney, his heirs, Executors, Administrators or Assigns for which payment will and truly to be paid we bind ourselves, our heirs, executors, administrators firmly by these presents sealed with our seals this sixth day of September in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred ninety-four.

The condition of this obligation is such that if the above bounded Lodewyk Sharpe shall faithfully and diligently perform the duties of his office as Clerk of the Mint of the United States, then obligation to be void and of no effect otherwise to remain in full force and virtue."

Sealed and delivered in the presence of Witness Bernard Shaw and Peter Sharpe.

Signed:

Jacob Sharpe

Jacob Sharpe, Jr.

Lodewyck Sharpe

September 11, 1794

Warrant from David Rittenhouse to the owners of the Ship Pigou for freight of five cases of copper from London. $8.70

September 30, 1794

Warrant from David Rittenhouse to Robert Scot. $300.00

September 30, 1794

Voigt to Way - for quarter ending September 30.

308,200 cents

23,600 - 1/2 cents

October 6, 1794

Warrant No. 2 in favor of Albion Cox, Assayer, to pay laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 22nd to the 27th of September, 1794 inclusive. $12.48

Warrant No. 3 in favor of William Winter, in full for 550 bushels of charcoal delivered at the Mint, hauling included. $66.

October 11, 1794

Warrant No. 4 in favor of Henry Voigt, Chief Coiner, to pay laborers, employed in coining at the Mint from the 29th of September to the 4th of October 1794 inclusive. $52.76

Warrant No. 5 in favor of Albion Cox, Assayer, to pay laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 29th of September to the 4th of October 1794 inclusive. $14.56.

Warrant No. 6 in favor of Henry Voigt, Chief Coiner, to pay Mechanics employed at the Mint, in making and repairing machinery, from the 29th of September to the 4th of October 1794 inclusive. $40.90

October 14, 1794

Warrant No. 7 in favor of William Hamilton, being in full payment for a house and lot adjoining the Mint, purchased from him with the approbation of the President, for the United States and for the use of the Mint. $1200.

October 15, 1794

The first returns of silver coins to the Treasurer, was made on October 15, 1794.

--Reference 5

October 16, 1794

Warrant No. 8 in favor of Twamley and Shoemaker, in full of their hill of Ironmongery for the Mint from the 17th of July to the 29th of September 1794 inclusive. $108.73

Warrant No. 9 in favor of Henry Voigt, for a like sum advanced by him to Benjamin Oliver, for a Horse purchased for the use of the Mint by my order. $110.67

October 17, 1794

Warrant No. 10 in favor of Peter Thompson, for drawing a deed from Thomas Leiper and wife and William Hamilton, and a release of title from George Ernst Lindenberger, to the United States. $12.

Warrant No. 11 in favor of Rugan & Rhodes, in full of their bill of Rum, Barrel and Porterage from September 15th to October 15th 1794 inclusive. $64.71

Warrant No. 12 in favor of John Warters, in full of his account of 18 cts, 3 qts, 14 lbs of hay, weighing included. $15.27

October 18, 1794

Warrant No. 13 in favor of John Tice, in full for 500 bushels of charcoals at L5. .10C Hd. $73.33

Warrant No.14 in favor of Henry Voigt, chief coiner, to pay laborers employed in the coining business at the Mint from the 6th to the 11th of October 1794 inclusive. $67.43

Warrant No. 15 in favor of Henry Voigt, Chief Coiner, to pay mechanics employed in making and repairing machinery at the Mint from the 6th to the 11th of October 1794 inclusive. $39.77

Warrant No. 16 in favor of Albion Cox, assayer, to pay laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 6th to the 11th of October, 1794 inclusive. $21.40

October 21, 1794

Warrant No. 17 in favor of David and Richard Ridgway the amount of their account of bricks furnished the Mint from the 14th to 16th of October 1794 inclusive. $32.

Warrant No. 18 in favor of Ricloff Alberson, in full of his account of four pieces of cedar furnished the Mint the 11th instant.

October 25, 1794

Warrant No. 19 in favor of Henry Voigt, Chief Coiner, to pay mechanics employed at the Mint in making and repairing machinery from the 13th to the 18th instant inclusive. $37.15

Warrant No. 20 in favor of Henry Voigt, Chief Coiner, to pay laborers employed at the Mint from the 13th to the 18th instant inclusive. $60.26

Warrant No. 21 in favor of Albion Cox, Assayer, to pay laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 13th to the 18th instant inclusive. $23.48

October 27, 1794

Warrant No. 22 in favor of Sims & Barnitt in full of their account for a desk, table, etc. for the office of the director and assayer. $35.33

Warrant No. 23 in favor of Henry Schively in full for a seven plate stove and pipe, porterage included. $16.35

October 28, 1794

Warrant No. 24 in favor of Edward Riffets, in full of his account for seven and three quarter cords of wood at 45L and wharfage. $46.84

October 29, 1794

Warrant No. 25 in favor of John Kemhle in full of his account of sal nixum, and aqua fortis for the use of the Mint. $25.32

November 1, 1794

Warrant No. 26 in favor of William Winter in full of his account for 550 bushels of coals. $73.33

Warrant No. 27 in favor of Henry Voigt, Chief Coiner, to pay laborers employed in the coining business from the 20th to the 25th October 1794 inclusive. $63.60

Warrant No. 28 in favor of Henry Voigt, Chief Coiner, to pay mechanics employed in making and repairing machinery at the Mint from the 20th to the 25th October 1794 inclusive. $37.40

Warrant No. 29 in favor of Albion Cox, Assayer, to pay laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 20th to the 25th October 1794 inclusive. $29.04

November 4, 1794

Warrant No. 30 in favor of John Hafs, in full of his bill for 950 bushels of coals for the use of the Mint @ 11% p Hd $140.00

Warrant from David Rittenhouse to Richard Bache for copper, brass, and lead. 162-3/4 lbs. $30.50

November 6, 1794

Warrant No. 31 in favor of John Warters, in full of his account of 26 cwt of Hay at 6/6 pc and weighing. $22.70

November 7, 1794

Warrant No. 32 in favor of Frederick Brown and Philip Coonsman for one months watch, at 12 dollars each per month to the 6th instant. $24.00

November 8, 1794

Warrant No. 33 in favor of Henry Voight, Chief Coiner, to pay laborers employed in the coining business from the 27th October to the 1st of November 1794 inclusive. $64.90

Warrant No. 34 in favor of Henry Voigt, Chief Coiner, to pay mechanics employed in making and repairing machinery at the Mint from the 27th October to 1st November 1794 inclusive. $37.50

Warrant No. 35 in favor of Albion Cox, Assayer to pay laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 27th October to the 1st day of November 1794 inclusive. $33.76

Warrant No. 36 in favor of Henry Voigt, Chief Coiner, for a like sum advanced by him, to Amos Lubers for 23 black lead potts, No. 25 at 2 1/2 p. No. $15.97

November 11, 1794

Warrant No. 37 in favor of Seth Lucas, for bricks supplied the Mint to the 22nd October 1794. $51.00

Warrant No. 38 in favor of Richard Bache for copper, brass and lead. $28.93

November 13, 1794

Warrant No. 39 in favor of George Turner, in full of his account of smiths work done for the furnace of the Mint, from 2nd September to the 7th instant inclusive. $31.70

November 15, 1794

Warrant No. 40 in favor of Henry Voight, Chief Coiner, to pay laborers employed in the coining business from the 3rd to the 8th instant inclusive. $49.00

Warrant No. 41 in favor of Henry Voight in full of his account of wages due to mechanics at the Mint from the 3rd to the 8th inclusive. $35.55

Warrant No. 42 in favor of Albion Cox, Assayer, to pay laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 3rd to the 8th instant inclusive. $31.12

November 21, 1794

Warrant No. 43 in favor of Henry Voight, Chief Coiner, to pay laborers employed in the coining business from the 10th to the 15th instant inclusive. $47.47

Warrant No. 45 in favor of Henry Voight, Chief Coiner, to pay mechanics employed at the Mint from the 10th to the 15th instant inclusive. $33.00

Warrant No. 44 in favor of Albion Cox, Assayer, to pay laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 10th to the 15th instant inclusive. $34.08

November 22, 1794

Warrant No. 46 in favor of Tubal Cain for 10-3/4 cords of oak wood @ $4.80 per cord. $51.60

November 29, 1794

Warrant No. 47 in favor of Henry Voight, Chief Coiner, to pay mechanics employed at the Mint from the 17th to 22nd instant inclusive. $32.75

Warrant No. 48 in favor of Albion Cox, Assayer, to pay laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 17th to the 22nd instant inclusive. $31.68

Warrant No. 49 in favor of Henry Voight, Chief Coiner, to pay laborers employed in the coining business from the 17th to the 22nd instant inclusive. $56.84

December 5, 1794

Warrant No. 50 in favor of Jon Sweathmon for 800 bushels of coals @ L5.15 portage included @ 10 p Hd. $133.33

Warrant No. 51 in favor of Rugan & Rhodes, in full of their account of rum, furnished the Mint to the 4th instant. $62.45

December 6, 1794

Warrant No. 52 in favor of Albion Cox, Assayer, to pay laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 24th to 29th November last inclusive. $29.04

Warrant No. 53 in favor of Henry Voight, Chief Coiner, to pay laborers employed in the coining business from the 24th to the 29th of November last inclusive. $58.16

Warrant No. 54 in favor of Henry Voight, Chief Coiner, to pay mechanics employed at the Mint from the 24th to the 29th November last inclusive. $25.80

December 8, 1794

Warrant No. 55 in favor of Robert Fitzgerald in full for blocks, hooks, thimbles, etc. for the coining presses. $18.67

Warrant No. 56 in favor of (Frederick Brown) and Phillip Coonsman for one months watch at 12 dollars each per month to the 6th instant. $24.00

(This last warrant was torn in half and the name of Frederick Brown was not legible, but presumed to be correct -- see Warrant No. 32 of November 7, 1794).

(In a different Book of Warrants, No. 55 shows coining presses as singular -- press).

December 13, 1794

Warrant No. 57 in favor of Henry Voight, Chief Coiner, to pay laborers employed in the coining business from the 1st to the 6th instant inclusive. $51.96

Warrant No. 58 in favor of Henry Voight, to pay mechanics employed at the Mint from the 1st to the 6th instant inclusive. $25.80

Warrant No. 59 in favor of Albion Cox, Assayer, to pay laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 1st to the 6th instant inclusive. $29.04

December 20, 1794

Warrant No. 60 in favor of Albion Cox, Assayer, to pay laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 8th to the 13th instant inclusive. $39.60

Warrant No. 61 in favor of Henry Voight, Chief Coiner, to pay mechanics employed at the Mint from the 8th to the 13th instant inclusive. $23.05

Warrant No. 62 in favor of Henry Voight, Chief Coiner, to pay laborers employed in the coining business from the 8th to the 13th instant inclusive. $58.06

December 27, 1794

Warrant No. 63 in favor of Albion Cox to pay laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 15th to the 20th instant inclusive. $29.04

Warrant No. 64 in favor of Henry Voight to pay laborers employed in the coining business from the 15th to the 20th instant inclusive. $55.82

Warrant No. 65 in favor of Henry Voight to pay mechanics employed at the Mint from the 15th to the 20th instant inclusive. $35.82

December 31, 1794

Voigt to Way - for quarter ending December 31

121,021 cents

Warrant No. 66 in favor of Henry Voight for 1/4 salary as Chief Coiner of the Mint ending December 31, 1794 at 1500 doll. $375.00

Warrant No. 67 in favor of Nicholas Way as treasurer of the Mint @ 1200, for the quarter ending December 31, 1794. $300.

Warrant No. 68 in favor of Albion Cox for 1/4 salary as Assayer of the Mint ending December 31, 1794 at 1500 doll. $375.00

Warrant No. 69 in favor of David Rittenhouse as Director of the Mint for the quarter ending December 31, 1794 at $2000. $500.00

Warrant No. 70 in favor of Robert Scot for 1/4 salary as Engraver of the Mint ending December 31, 1794 at $1200. $300.00

Warrant No. 71 in favor of Isaac Hough for 1/4 salary as Clerk to the Director and Assayer at $500. $125.00

Warrant No. 72 in favor of Isaac B. Childs in full for one quarters salary as Clerk of the Treasury of the Mint ending this day at $500. $125.00

Warrant No. 73 in favor of Lodewyck Sharpe in full for one quarters salary as Clerk of Expenditures of the Mint, ending this day at $500. $125.00

Warrant No. 74 in favor of Albion Cox in full of his account of contingent expenses for the quarter ending this day. $40.38

Warrant No. 75 in favor of Henry Voigt, in full of his account of contingent expenses of the Mint, for the quarter ending this day. $225.96

1795

by Ron Guth

January 3, 1795

Warrant No. 1 in favor of Albion Cox to pay laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 22nd to the 27th of December last inclusive. $31.88

Warrant No. 2 in favor of Henry Voigt to pay laborers employed in coining at the Mint from the 22nd to the 27th of December last inclusive. $42.30

Warrant No. 3 in favor of Henry Voigt to pay mechanics employed at the Mint from the 22nd to the 27th of December last inclusive. $36.89

January 10, 1795

Warrant No. 4 in favor of Albion Cox to pay laborers at the furnace of the Mint from the 29th of December 1794 to the 3rd instant inclusive. $29.04

Warrant No. 5 in favor of Henry Voigt to pay mechanics employed at the Mint from the 29th of December 1794 to the 3rd instant inclusive. $45.32

Warrant No. 6 in favor of Henry Voigt to pay laborers in coining at the Mint from the 29th of December 1794 to the 3rd instant inclusive. $50.22

January 13, 1795

Warrant No. 7 in favor of James Prince for 316 lb. of copper @ 25 cents per lb. including charges. $79.40

January 17, 1795

Warrant No. 8 in favor of Albion Cox to pay laborers at the furnace of the mint from the 5th to the 10th instant inclusive. $41.78

Warrant No. 9 in favor of Henry Voigt to pay laborers employed in the coining business from the 5th to the 10th instant inclusive. $48.12

Warrant No. 10 in favor of Henry Voigt to pay mechanics employed at the Mint from the 5th to the 10th instant inclusive. $44.92

Warrant No. 11 in favor of Thomas Town in full of his account of Millwright and machinery work at the Mint from October 1 to December 31, 1794 and for attendance at the furnaces and forge, with traveling expenses. $432.95

Warrant No. 12 in favor of Robert McGee in full of his account of scantling, boards, scantlings, etc. for the Mint to December 15, 1794. $208.07

Warrant No. 13 in favor of Henry Voigt, for a like sum advanced by him to Peter Kline, the amount of his bill for brick-laying at the Mint. $131.75

January 19, 1795

Warrant No. 14 in favor of Thomas Dobson, his bill of Stationery for the mint to the 17th of June, 1794. $4.83

Warrant No. 15 in favor of Tench Francis, his bill of lead, furnished the Mint 22nd of December, 1794. $430.23

January 20, 1795

Warrant No. 16 in favor of George Turner for blacksmith work and iron. $31.73

January 21, 1795

Warrant No. 17 in favor of Frederick Brown for one months night watch at the Mint. $12.00

Warrant No. 18 in favor of Joseph Wetherill for white oak scantling, haling included for the use of the Mint. $12.53

Warrant No. 19 in favor of Jacob Henniser for Hay delivered at the Mint December 3, 1794. $22.25

Warrant No. 20 in favor of John Smith Gardner for 44 days work at engraving to the 31 December, 1794. $70.40

January 22, 1795

Warrant No. 21 in favor of William Powell his bill for carpenters work done at the Mint to the 19th instant, smith and painters bills included. $243.41

Warrant No. 22 in favor of Henry Luckniss in full of his bill of stationery and printing for the Mint to the 24th November last. $79.80

Warrant No. 23 in favor of George Ludlam for four lead weights, cast to pattern for the coining press. $106.22

Warrant No. 24 in favor of John McElwee for sundry black lead potts for the use of the Mint to the 11th instant.

Warrant No. 25 in favor of Henry Voigt for a like sum advanced by him to Peter Hutts for German steel. $53.50

Warrant No. 26 in favor of Thomas Ryerson for files for the use of the Mint to 15th August 1794. $22.10

Warrant No. 27 in favor of John West for scantling boards for the Mint from 11th March to 24th December 1794. $166.69

Warrant No. 28 in favor of Joseph Cruckshark for stationery for the Mint to the 21st instant. $77.17

January 23, 1795

Warrant No. 29 in favor of Caleb Lownes for Bar Iron, & Moulds, haling included to the 17th December last. $112.94

January 24, 1795

Warrant No. 30 in favor of Albion Cox, to pay laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 12th to the 17th instant inclusive. $29.04

Warrant No. 31 in favor of Henry Voigt to pay laborers employed in the coining business from the 12th to the 17th instant inclusive. $49.88

Warrant No. 32 in favor of Henry Voigt to pay mechanics employed at the Mint from the 12th to the17th instant inclusive. $48.02

January 27, 1795

Warrant No. 33 in favor of John Carrell for Ironmongery supplied the Mint to the 30th December 1794. $14.25

Warrant No. 34 in favor of Caleb Emlen in full of his bill of Scantling and other timbers for the Mint, haling included, to the 27th November, 1794. $51.15

January 31, 1795

Warrant No. 35 in favor of Albion Cox to pay laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 19th to the 24th instant inclusive. $29.04

Warrant No. 36 in favor of Henry Voigt to pay laborers employed in the coining business from the 19th to the 24th inclusive. $48.57

Warrant No. 37 in favor of Henry Voigt to pay mechanics employed at the Mint from the 19th to the 24th instant inclusive. $51.10

February 2, 1795

Warrant No. 38 in favor of Samuel Howell Junior and Company for sundry castings, wrought iron, etc., haling included to the 5th of January last. $937.19

Warrant No. 39 in favor of Christian Kauck for corn, oats and shorts for the Horses to the 23rd December 1794. $94.53

February 5, 1795

Warrant No. 40 in favor of John Lesher for a load of hay (quantity 24C, 3Q, 14 lbs.) half weighing included, for the horses at the Mint. $25.04

February 7, 1795

Warrant No. 42 in favor of Henry Voigt to pay laborers employed in the coining business from the 26th to 31st January last inclusive. $53.02

Warrant No. 41 in favor of Albion Cox to pay laborers employed at the furnace of Mint from the 26th to the 31st of January last inclusive. $29.04

Warrant No. 43 in favor of Henry Voigt to pay mechanics employed at the Mint from the 26th to the 31st of January last inclusive. $50.50

February 12, 1795

The first deposit of gold bullion for coinage, was made by Moses Brown, merchant of Boston, on February 12, 1795; it was of gold ingots, worth $2,276.72, which was paid for in silver coins.

--Reference 5

February 14, 1795

Warrant No. 44 in favor of Albion Cox to pay laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 2nd to the 7th instant inclusive, $39.92

Warrant No. 45 in favor of Henry Voigt to pay laborers employed at the coining business from the 2nd to the 7th instant inclusive. $30.12

Warrant No. 46 in favor of Henry Voigt to pay mechanics employed at the Mint from the 2nd to the 7th instant inclusive. $30.80

February 18, 1795

Warrant No. 47 in favor of Amos Subers for black lead potts and muffles. $48.47

February 20, 1795

Warrant No. 48 in favor of David Ott for 53 days work at melting and refining etc. in the Mint from 1 November to 31 December inclusive. $133.33

Warrant No. 49 in favor of Thomas Bradley for pipes, scales, lamps, etc. for the use of the Mint to the 27th January last. $64.15

Warrant No. 50 in favor of William Ludlam Junior & Co., for bar Iron for the use of the Mint to the 9th instant. $27.80

February 21, 1795

Warrant No. 51 in favor of Albion Cox to pat laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 9th to the 14th instant inclusive. $29.76

Warrant No. 52 in favor of Henry Voigt to pay mechanics employed at the Mint from the 9th to the 14th instant inclusive.  $33.00

Warrant No. 53. in favor of Henry Voigt to pay labourers employed at the Mint from the 9th to the 14th instant inclusive.  $30.12

Mar. 25, 1795

On March 25, 1795, the Mint bought the fifth press from Samuel Howell, Jr. $ Co., for $134.07 including porterage.  Howell is known to have signed notes issued by the State of Pennsylvania in 1775.-Reference 4

Mar 31, 1795

Warrant in favor of John S. Gardner for 76 days engraving. $121.60

Warrant in favor of John Schreiner for 77 days work in the coining department.

Apr. 10. 1795

Warrant in favor of John Faipoux for cutting a screw for the Mint. $24.00

Apr. 22, 1795

Warrant in favor of Reynolds & Sharpless for cutting a screw for coining. $30.

Apr. 23, 1795

Warrant in favor of Talbot, Allum & Lee for 1076 lb. of copper for coining at 18 cents per lb.  $193.68

Jul 31, 1795

The first return of gold coinage, was on July 31, 1795, and consisted of 744 half eagles.-Reference 5

Sep 22, 1795

The first delivery of eagles was in September 22, same year(1795), and consisted of four hundred pieces. --Reference 5

September 30, 1795

Warrant in favor of Adam Eckfeldt, in full for 78 days work at $1.60 1/2, for forging and hardening dies, 14 lbs. , steel 20 bus. coals, etc.  $135.21

Warrant in favor of Joseph Way, in full as services and clerk of the Treasury of the Mint, from August 20th to this day $79.90

Warrant in favor of John S. Gardner, 78 days engraving at the Mint, ending today $174.72

Warrant in favor of John Schreiner, head pressman, 78 days  $125.19

Warrant in favor of John Cope , head adjuster, 78 days.  $125.19

Warrant in favor of Henry Wm. DeSaussure, salary, July 1st to date  $500.00

Warrant in favor of Estate of General Zane, 2 bars iron, sent by his son, weight 42 lbs. and carriage from Winchester, VA to Philadelphia.  $5.20

--Account of Warrants drawn by David Rittenhouse

October 10, 1795

Warrant in favor of Adam Eckfeldt, blacksmith work for force pump.  $21.50

--Account of Warrants drawn by Henry Wm. DeSaussure

Oct. 17, 1795

On October 17th Director DeSaussure estimated that American beer which had been substituted for ardent spirits, would cost $600.00 for the year 1796.  -Stewart, p.180

Oct. 19, 1795

Warrant in favor of Thomas Bingham, 96 letter punches $48.00

-Account of Warrants drawn by Henry Wm. DeSaussure

Oct. 23, 1795

Voigt to Treasurer

476 lbs. cents=approx. 19,800

(Receipt book shows these as part of 45,000 delivery on December 31, 1795)


Warrant in favor of Martin Sumers, for one month as night watchman  $16.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by Henry Wm. DeSaussure

Oct. 28,1795

Warrant in favor of Adam Eckfeldt, 35 days for one hand in assisting at turning and forging, etc. at dies, at 10s. 6d. $49.00

--Account of Warrants drawn by Henry Wm. DeSaussure

Oct. 29, 1795

Warrant in favor of Joseph Hunnycomb, 8 cords of wood, wharfage, carting and sawing included.  $70.45

--Account of Warrants drawn by Elias Boudinot

Oct 31, 1795

Voigt to Way

604 11 5 cents = appox. 25,200

(Receipt book of  Treasurer shows these as part of December 31, 1795 delivery of 45,000)


Warrant in favor fo Henry William DeSaussure, in full for his salary from the 1st to 28th, inclusive. $152.17

--Account of Warrants drawn by Elias Boudinot

Nov. 14, 1795

Warrant No. 46 in favor of Henry Voigt to pay labourers employed in the coining business from the 2nd to the 7th instant inclusive.  $95.36

Nov. 21, 1795

Warrant No. 47 in favor of Albion Cox to pay labourers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 9th to the 14th instant inclusive.  $59.05

Warrant No. 48 in favor of Henry Voigt to pay labourers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 9th to the 14th instant inclusive.  $85.56

Nov. 27, 1795

Warrant No. 49 in favor of Martin Summers for one months night watching at the Mint. $16.00

Warrant No. 50 in favor of Albion Cox in full of his account of wages due to laborers employed at the furnace of the Mint from the 16th to the 21st instant inclusive.  $54.00

Warrant No. 51 in favor of Henry Voigt to pay laborers employed in the coining business from the 16th to the 21st instant inclusive.  $90.76

Dec. 1, 1795

A check through the Archives reveals no record of the disposition of these coins (1795 lettered edge cents) - apparently most of them were held in the Mint.  Elias Boudinot, then Director, had stopped their coinage on December 1, 1795 and in his annual report (issued Dec.3 ) he petitioned for a reduction of the weight of the cent to 168 grains.  It seems that copper coinage at the old weight involved a loss of about 22 percent because copper prices were so high that the cents were worth more as metal than as coins. It is therefore quite unlikely that many of them were released in December 1795.  Recoinage would have been feasible as soon as he requested reduction was authorized, since the Mint made its own planchet; and profitable, as every $10 in thick cents would yield $12.38 in thin ones.  Moreover, the melting would have affected most all of No. 76a, and this variety actually is very rare.  We may therefore assume that a large number, perhaps more than one third, of the thick 1795's never left the Mint and were in fact recoined after December 27, 795.

-Reference 4

Dec 1, 1795

Voigt to Way-25,600 half cents

37,000 cents

Dec 3, 1795

...report to the Secretary of the Treasury made by Director Boudinot, under date, December 3, 1795.  He says: "The sudden and unexpected death of assayer, Mr. Albion Cox, on Fryday (sic) last by and apoplectic fit, deprived the Mint of an intelligent officer, essentially necessary to the future progress in the coinage of the precious metals.  Until this officer is replaced the business at the Mint must be confirmed to striking cents only."

-Reference 5

Dec 5, 1795

Way to Voigt - 6476 lbs. in sheets and bottoms

Warrant No. 52 in favor of Henry Voigt to pay labourers employed in the melting a refining business from the 23rd to the 28th November last inclusive. $74.79

Warrant No. 53 in favor of Henry Voigt to pay labourers employed in the coining business from the 23rd to the 28th Nov. last inclusive.$94.76

Dec. 12, 1795

Joseph Rechardson, second assayer, was appointed December 12,1795.

-Reference 5

Dec. 12, 1795

Warrant No. 54 in favor of Henry Voight to pay labourers employed in the melting and refining business at the Mint from the 30th November to the 5th instant inclusive. $33.90

Warrant No. 55 in favor of Henry Voigt to pay labourers employed in the coining business from 30th November to the 5th instant inclusive. $71.76

Warrant No. 56 in favor of H. Pepper in full of his account of Beer, to the 13th of November last. $36.00

Warrant No. 57 in favor of Joseph Pearson for 800 bushels charcoal, carting included. $132.00

Warrant No. 58 in favor of Peter Helm in full for lead, to the 28th November last. $7860

December 12, 1795

Warrant in favor of Joseph Anthony & Son, for copper and porterage $2020.75

-Stewart, p 181.

(The Account of Warrants drawn by Elias Boudinot shoes this as being paid on Dec. 19th)

December 18, 1795

Warrant in favor of George Halberstadt, in full for blacksmith work for the Refiners Department  $90.87

--Account of Warrants drawn by Elias Boudinot

Dec. 19, 1795

Warrant No. 60 in favor of Isaac and Moses Batram for three loads of Hay, half weighing included to 30th October. $85.96

Warrant No. 61 in favor of George Ludlum in full for fourteen pigs of lead and porterage.  $145.37

Warrant No. 62in favor of Henry Voigt to pay laborers employed in the melting and refining business from the 7th to the 12th instant inclusive.  $32.25

Warrant No. 63 in favor of Henry Voigt to pay laborers employed in the coining business from the 7th to the 12th instant inclusive. $73.24

Warrant No. 64 in favor of George Halberstadt in full for a writing desk and three stools. $36.33

December 26, 1795

Warrant No. 65 in favor of Joseph Anthony & Son in full of their bill of copper and porterage of same. $2020.75

Warrant No. 66 in favor of Henry Voigt to pay laborers employed in the melting and refining business from the 14th to the 19th instant inclusive. $32.35

Warrant No. 67 in favor of Henry Voigt to pay laborers employed in the coining business from the 14th to the 19th instant inclusive.  $73.04

Dec 31, 1795

Warrant in favor of William and Joseph Gray, in full for beer to 28th inst. $138.00

Warrant in favor of Adam Eckfeldt, in full for blacksmith work for the Refiners Department  $90.87

Warrant in favor of Adam Eckfeldt, for 78 days work at forging and turning dies, to this inst.  $124.80

Warrant in favor of John S. Gardner, for 78 days as assistant engraver $234.00

Warrant in favor of Elias Boudinot, salary from October 29th to December 31st, inclusive  $347.83

Warrant in favor of Administrator of Albion Cox, assayer, from Oct. 1 to Nov. 27th, inclusive  $236.41

Warrant in favor of Joseph Richardson, assayer from December 12 to December 31, inclusive. $81.52

--Stewart, p.181


Warrant in favor of Michael Fox for his bill of Mahogany patterns  $5.46

--Account of Warrants drawn by Elias Boudinot

Dec 31, 1795

Warrant No. 68 in favor of Joseph Cruckshank in full of his bill for stationary to the 21st instant. $36.20

Warrant No. 69 in favor of Twamley and Shoemaker in full of their account of Ironmongery to the 11th instant. $129.96

Warrant No. 70 in favor of Caleb Emlem in full of his account of Planks and other timbers to the 30th of August. $43.34

Warrant No. 71 in favor of Amos Subers in full for 1080 Nos. of black lead pots. $30.00

Warrant No. 72 in favor of William and Joseph Gray in full of their account of Beer to the 28th instant.  $138.

Warrant No.73 in favor of Thomas Town in full for 86 days at different kinds of millwright work.  $154.80

Warrant No. 74 in favor of Adam Eckfeldt in full of his bill of Blacksmith work done for the coiner department. $177.72

Warrant No. 75 in favor of Adam Eckfeldt in full of his bill of Blacksmiths work for the refiners department. $90.87

Warrant No. 76 in favor of Martin Summers for night watching from the 22nd November to this day inclusive.  $20.64

Warrant  No. 77 in favor of Henry Voigt to pay labourers employed in the melting and refining business from the 21st to the 26th instant inclusive. $31.50

Warrant No. 78 in favor of Henry Voigt to pay labourers employed in the coining business from the 21st to the 26th instant inclusive. $60.30

Warrant No. 79 in favor of Henry Voigt to pay labourers in the melting and refining business from the 28th to this instant inclusive  $18.

Warrant No. 80 in favor of Henry Voigt to pay labourers employed in the coining business from the 28th to this present inclusive $48.24

Warrant No. 81 in the favor of Nicholas Way for the salaries of the officers and clerks of the Mint for the quarter ending this day $2065.76

Warrant No. 83 in favor of Jonathon S. Gardner for 78 days work as assistant Engraver to this day.   $234.

Warrant No. 84 in favor of David Ott for 78 days melting and refining to this instant.  $299.91

Warrant No. 85 in favor of Jonathon Schreiner for 78 days work as chief Pressmen at the Mint to this instant $140.

Warrant No. 86 in favor of Isaac Hough for contingent expenses in the Assayers Department in the quarter ending this day $60.28

Warrant No. 87 in favor of Henry Voigt for contingent expenses in Coiners department in the quarter ending this day. $86.18

Warrant No. 88 in favor of Jonathon Cope for 78 days work as foreman to the adjusting room to this day $99.84

Warrant No. 89 in favor of Michael Fox in full of his bill for mahogany patterns, rounds, etc. to this instant.$5.46

Jan. 11, 1796

Voigt to Thomas - 60,000 cents

weight 1440 lbs. 15 oz.

Jan 19, 1796

Treasurer to Voigt - 38 sheets of copper

weight 1395 lbs.

Jan 19, 1796

Treasurer to Voigt 4-31

1796

by Ron Guth

January 1, 1796 - ADAM ECKFELDT'S EMPLOYMENT CONTRACT
(click on the image to see an enlarged version)

Eckfeldt employment contract (485559 bytes)