1870-CC $20 (Regular Strike)

Series: Liberty Head $20 1850-1907

PCGS AU50

PCGS AU50

PCGS XF45

PCGS XF45

PCGS XF45

PCGS XF45

PCGS #:
8958
Designer:
James Barton Longacre
Edge:
Reeded
Diameter:
34.00 millimeters
Weight:
33.40 grams
Mintage:
3,789
Mint:
Carson City
Metal:
90% Gold, 10% Copper
Major Varieties

Current Auctions - PCGS Graded
Current Auctions - NGC Graded
For Sale Now at Collectors Corner - PCGS Graded
For Sale Now at Collectors Corner - NGC Graded

Rarity and Survival Estimates Learn More

Grades Survival
Estimate
Numismatic
Rarity
Relative Rarity
By Type
Relative Rarity
By Series
All Grades 41 R-8.6 1 / 31 5 / 148
60 or Better 0 R-10.1 1 / 31 1 / 148
65 or Better 0 R-10.1 1 / 31 1 / 148
Survival Estimate
All Grades 41
60 or Better
65 or Better
Numismatic Rarity
All Grades R-8.6
60 or Better R-10.1
65 or Better R-10.1
Relative Rarity By Type All Specs in this Type
All Grades 1 / 31
60 or Better 1 / 31
65 or Better 1 / 31
Relative Rarity By Series All Specs in this Series
All Grades 5 / 148
60 or Better 1 / 148
65 or Better 1 / 148

Condition Census What Is This?

Pos Grade Image Pedigree and History
1 AU53 PCGS grade

Doug Winter - Nevada Collection - Universal Coin and Bullion, sold privately in 1999 - Bowers & Merena 6/2002:2371, not sold - Heritage 1/2004:3129, $368,000 - Donald E. Bently Collection - Heritage 3/2014:30435, $411,250

2 AU50 PCGS grade

Lee Minshull and Casey Noxon - James E. Haldan Collection - Sotheby's 6/1996:146 - Universal Coin & Bullion - Heritage 4/2014:5821, $305,500

2 AU50 PCGS grade

Usibelli Collection - Heritage 1/2014:5541, $329,000

2 AU50 PCGS grade
2 AU50 PCGS grade
6 AU50 estimated grade

Southerly Collection - Bowers & Merena 3/2009:3909, $414,000

7 XF45 PCGS grade XF45 PCGS grade
7 XF45 PCGS grade XF45 PCGS grade
7 XF45 PCGS grade

H. Jeff Browning "Dallas Bank" Collection - Sotheby's/Stack's 10/2001:53, $97,750 - Ohringer Family Trust Holdings - Goldbergs 9/2008:1292, $345,000 - Gator Man Collection - Heritage 1/2018:5119, $300,000

7 XF45 PCGS grade
#1 AU53 PCGS grade

Doug Winter - Nevada Collection - Universal Coin and Bullion, sold privately in 1999 - Bowers & Merena 6/2002:2371, not sold - Heritage 1/2004:3129, $368,000 - Donald E. Bently Collection - Heritage 3/2014:30435, $411,250

#2 AU50 PCGS grade

Lee Minshull and Casey Noxon - James E. Haldan Collection - Sotheby's 6/1996:146 - Universal Coin & Bullion - Heritage 4/2014:5821, $305,500

#2 AU50 PCGS grade

Usibelli Collection - Heritage 1/2014:5541, $329,000

#2 AU50 PCGS grade
#2 AU50 PCGS grade
#6 AU50 estimated grade

Southerly Collection - Bowers & Merena 3/2009:3909, $414,000

XF45 PCGS grade #7 XF45 PCGS grade
XF45 PCGS grade #7 XF45 PCGS grade
#7 XF45 PCGS grade

H. Jeff Browning "Dallas Bank" Collection - Sotheby's/Stack's 10/2001:53, $97,750 - Ohringer Family Trust Holdings - Goldbergs 9/2008:1292, $345,000 - Gator Man Collection - Heritage 1/2018:5119, $300,000

#7 XF45 PCGS grade
David Hall: The Smithsonian example is a 45/50 coin, and very attractive for the grade.
David Akers (1975/88): Without question this is one of the rarest and most famous of all Double Eagles. It is by far the rarest CC-Mint twenty and it is surpassed in overall rarity among all regular issue Liberty Heads only by the 1861 Paquet, the 1856-O, and the business strikes of 1882 and 1886. The 1870-CC is similar in rarity to the 1854-O and business strikes of 1881 and 1885 and just a little less rare than the proof-only 1883 and 1884. From the standpoint of condition rarity, the 1870-CC is one of the rarest, if not the rarest, dates in the entire series. I have never seen a full AU and the typical 1870-CC is only F or VF with a heavily bagmarked, prooflike surface. Q. David Bowers has written that he handled a mint state 1870-CC many years ago and so that specimen is undoubtedly the finest known example of this rare date by a considerable margin.
Ron Guth:

The 1870-CC $20 combines extreme rarity, the allure of gold, a large size, and the lore of the Carson City Mint in a neat, tidy, and very expensive package. At least one expert believes that the surviving population numbers only 35-45 examples, but this seems low considering that PCGS alone has certified 34 coins (as of October 2014). Add in coins certified by NGC, subtract resubmissions and crossovers, and the correct number is probably over 50 examples. Regardless, the 1870-CC $20 is under considerable pressure from collectors of the Liberty Head series, fans of the Carson City Mint, and anyone looking for a trophy coin.

This date is not known for being well struck; rather, a common complaint is that some or all of the obverse stars are flat. Most of the surviving population hovers around the XF45 grade, with few examples on either side, especially the higher side. Bowers (in his 2004 book, A Guide Book of Double Eagle Gold Coins) does not mention the Mint State example that Akers' claimed he reported, but he does price an MS60 example at $600,000, suggesting that such a coin exists. The price record for this date belongs to the NGC AU55 example that sold for $414,000 in 2009.